By A. Rowlands
Males – as accused witches, witch-hunters, werewolves and the demonically possessed – are the focal point of study during this choice of essays by means of major students of early glossy eu witchcraft. The gendering of witch persecution and witchcraft trust is explored via unique case-studies from England, Scotland, Italy, Germany and France.
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Extra info for Witchcraft and Masculinities in Early Modern Europe
82. 83. 84. 85. ), EOW, vol. III, 612–13, and W. Behringer, G. Jerouschek and M. Tschacher (eds), Der Hexenhammer (2nd edn, Munich, 2001), introduction by Behringer and Jerouschek, 9–98; J. L. ), EOW, vol. III, 622–3; E. Biesel, ‘Rémy, Nicolas’, in G. Gersmann, K. -M. net/ no_cache/persistent/artikel/1670/ (consulted 02/09/2008). Jurist Benedict Carpzov can also be added to this list, although the extent of his personal role in witch-trials is unclear, see G. ), EOW, vol. I, 170–1. On James, see L.
This suggests that, while in many parts of Europe villagers were keen to keep their cunning folk out of the hands of the authorities, and were able to maintain meaningful conceptual distinctions between good and bad magic,56 in certain regions, and at certain times, a new religious context could be established within which local practitioners of non-malevolent magic were more readily diabolized. Cunning women were also vulnerable to such processes, of course, and the question of whether men or women predominated amongst the practitioners of non-malevolent magic who were tried as witches needs to be examined on a regional basis.
French History, 5 (1991), 438–50. 34. Apps and Gow, 95–117, quotation at 112. 35. Schulte, Hexenmeister, 165–70. 36. See Chapter 7 of this book, p. 155. 37. R. Walinski-Kiehl, ‘Males, “masculine honour”, and witch hunting in seventeenth-century Germany’, Men and Masculinities, 6 (2004), 254–71, at 259. 38. W. Behringer, Witchcraft Persecutions in Bavaria. Popular Magic, Religious Zealotry and Reason of State in Early Modern Europe (translated by J. C. Grayson and D. Lederer, Cambridge, 1997), 224–9.