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By Alan Barnard, Jonathan Spencer

Written by way of major students within the box, this accomplished and readable source offers anthropology scholars a special advisor to the tips, arguments and historical past of the self-discipline. The absolutely revised and multiplied moment variation displays significant adjustments in anthropology some time past decade.

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Extra resources for The Routledge Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology

Sample text

He conceded that the third criterion, the right to use and enjoy, had been demonstrated in court. This case had a considerable impact on anthropology as well as on Aboriginal rights, for shortly afterwards a new Federal Parliament decided to write a definition of Aboriginal land tenure into the legal system. It commissioned the lawyer who had represented the Yolngu and an anthropologist, Peterson, to research the basis of traditional land ownership and draft an Act of Parliament that would encapsulate it.

Some of the insights into Aboriginal society gained, and aspects of the theoretical debates that ensued, have been published. Perhaps the most important of these has been recognition of temporal process in the constitution of social groups, despite the vicissitudes of colonization, finally breaking with the continuous present/mythic time model of Aboriginal social being perpetuated by Spencer and Gillen. A related issue has been the recognition of Aboriginal traditional law in relation to court sentencing procedures.

Perhaps the most important of these has been recognition of temporal process in the constitution of social groups, despite the vicissitudes of colonization, finally breaking with the continuous present/mythic time model of Aboriginal social being perpetuated by Spencer and Gillen. A related issue has been the recognition of Aboriginal traditional law in relation to court sentencing procedures. The ‘Mabo’ or National Native Title legislation of 1993 and its subsequent revisions recognized for the first time that Aboriginal people had asserted rights to land before British colonization, and allowed Aboriginal groups who could prove continuity of tenure and distinct customs to claim recognition of their title, or compensation for loss of title.

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