By Bradley J. Vierra
Why and while human societies shifted from nomadic searching and accumulating to settled agriculture engages the curiosity of students worldwide. probably the most fruitful parts during which to check this factor is the North American Southwest, the place past due Archaic population of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts of Mexico, Arizona, and New Mexico became to farming whereas their opposite numbers in Trans-Pecos and South Texas persisted to forage. via investigating the environmental, organic, and cultural elements that resulted in those differing styles of improvement, we will be able to establish a few of the useful stipulations for the increase of agriculture and the corresponding evolution of village existence. The twelve papers during this quantity synthesize prior and ongoing examine and provide new theoretical versions to supply the main updated photo of lifestyles in the course of the overdue Archaic (from 3,000 to 1,500 years in the past) around the whole North American Borderlands. many of the papers specialise in particular study issues reminiscent of stone device expertise and mobility styles. Others examine the advance of agriculture throughout complete areas in the Borderlands. the 2 concluding papers hint pan-regional styles within the adoption of farming and in addition hyperlink them to the expansion of agriculture in different components of the area.
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Additional resources for The Late Archaic across the Borderlands: From Foraging to Farming
The transition from the Cienega phase to the Trincheras tradition reflects the continuing occupation of Early Agricultural period peoples. The most significant differences are evident in a shift in burial treatment from inhumation to cremation burial and the emergence of the Trincheras pottery tradition. The construction of geoglyphs at La Playa can also be attributed to the Trincheras period. 3 2 ca r p e n t e r , sa ´ nc h e z , an d v i l lal pan do c . , Johnson 1960, 1963), but reflects similarities that may be derived from shared linguistic/Early Agricultural period traditions.
1990 Late Quaternary Vegetation and Climate of the Sonoran Desert, United States and Mexico. In Packrat Middens: The Last 40,000 Years of Biotic Change, edited by J. L. Betancourt, T. R. Van Devender, and P. S. Martin, pp. 134 –165. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. Vargas, V. 1995 Concha. In Excavación arqueológica de Cerro de Trincheras: Informe preliminar de la temporada de campo 1995, edited by R. H. McGuire and E. Villalpando Canchola, pp. 53 –72. Archivo Consejo de Arqueología INAH, Mexico City.
San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego. 1958 San Dieguito Implements from the Terraces on the Rincon, Pantano, and Rillito Drainage System. Kiva 24(1):1–23. , and B. B. Huckell 1992 Cortaro Points and the Archaic of Southern Arizona. Kiva 57(4):353 –370. Sánchez, G. 1998 Los hornos y sus contenidos arqueobotánicos. In Salvamento arqueológico La Playa: Informe de la temporada 1997–1998 y análisis de los materiales arqueológicos, edited by E. Villalpando, J. P. Carpenter, G. Sánchez, and M. Pastrana, pp.