By Hagit Borer
Structuring Sense explores the variation among phrases despite the fact that outlined and buildings notwithstanding built. It units out to illustrate over 3 volumes that the reason of linguistic competence can be shifted from lexical access to syntactic constitution, from reminiscence of phrases to manipulation of principles. Its reformulation of the way grammar and lexicon engage has profound implications for linguistic, philosophical, and mental theories approximately human brain and language. Hagit Borer departs from language particular constructional methods and from lexicalist techniques to argue that common hierarchical buildings be sure interpretation, and that language edition emerges from the morphological and phonological houses of inflectional material.
Taking Form, the 3rd and ultimate quantity of Structuring Sense, applies this radical method of the development of advanced phrases. Integrating learn in syntax and morphology, the writer develops a brand new version of observe formation, arguing that at the one hand the fundamental development blocks of language are inflexible semantic and syntactic features, whereas however they're roots, which in themselves are yet packets of phonological info, and are with out either that means and grammatical houses of any sort. inside of any such version, syntactic class, syntactic choice and argument constitution are all mediated via syntactic buildings projected from inflexible services, or then again, developed via common combinatorial ideas of syntax, reminiscent of Chomsky's Merge. The which means of 'words', in flip, doesn't contain the life of lexemes, yet relatively the matching of a well-defined and phonologically articulated syntactic area with conceptual content material, itself open air the area of language as such. In a departure from most modern types of syntax yet in accordance with many philosophical traditions, then, the Exo-Skeletal version walls 'meaning' into formal features, at the one hand, and content material, nonetheless. whereas the previous are learn off syntactico-semantic constructions as is mostly assumed, content material is crucially learn off syntactico-phonological buildings.
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Additional info for Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form
E. their present-day merger, Chomsky reasons, must avail itself of unpredictable listed information, thereby necessitating their removal from the syntax and their listing, leading to an enrichment of the lexicon. Chomsky (1970) does note, however, that alongside potential idiosyncrasies, de-verbal nominals are frequently systematically related to their verbal source, to wit, destroy and destruction, defer and deferral, and so on. To capture these regularities, he introduces X0 -theory, within which a pair such as destroy/destruction can be perceived as a single category-less entry with a ﬁxed subcategorization frame.
A Lexical choice entailed that the morpheme combination merged as such at D-structure. A Syntactic choice entailed the merger of the morpheme combination as a super-tier, of sorts, of an already existing syntactic structure, providing it matched it phonologically. Morpheme combinations, in all cases, were syntactically opaque. A merger as a super-tier, however, left the syntactic ‘under-tier’ available, thereby giving rise to the appearance of wordinternal transparency. No such transparency emerged for a D-structure merger, as no syntactic parallel structure existed to correspond to it.
To illustrate, within the area of phonology, such an account would need to address itself, at the very least, to deﬁning a domain within which one can ﬁnd stem alternations such as ceive/cept or sing/sang and to how information about such alternations and their environment is to be encoded. g. transform is nominalized as 15 Note that the relationship between the inner box and the outer box need not be linear and was explicitly assumed not to be so in Parallel Morphology (cf. ). That the inner box must be distinct, formally, from the outer box was argued expressly in Borer (1998b), as based on distinct formal properties of morphological and syntactic operations.