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The dept of protection lately highlighted intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) functions as a most sensible precedence for U.S. warfighters. Contributions supplied by way of ISR resources within the operational theaters in Iraq and Afghanistan were generally documented in press reporting. whereas the USA keeps to extend investments in ISR functions, different international locations no longer pleasant to the U.S. will proceed to hunt countermeasures to U.S. capabilities.

The know-how caution department of the security Intelligence Agency's (DIA) protection caution workplace (DWO) has the serious accountability, in collaborations with different parts of the intelligence neighborhood (IC), for supplying U.S. policymakers perception into technological advancements which could effect destiny U.S. warfighting capabilities.

To this finish, the IC asked that the nationwide learn Council (NRC) examine and file on key seen and infrared detector applied sciences, with strength army application, which are more likely to be built within the subsequent 10-15 years. This research is the 8th in a sequence subsidized by way of the DWO and finished less than the auspices of the NRC TIGER (Technology Insight-Gauge, review, and evaluation) status Committee.

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Additional resources for Seeing Photons: Progress and Limits of Visible and Infrared Sensor Arrays

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Terrill , Thomas Nohava, Wei Yang, and Subash Krishnankutty. 1999. Visible-blind UV digital camera based on a 32 × 32 array of GaN/AlGaN p-i-n photodiodes. MRS Internet Journal of Nitride Semiconductor Research 4(9):1-6. D. Brown, J. Matthews, S. Harney, and J. Boney. 1999. High-sensitivity visible-blind AlGaN photodiodes and photodiode arrays. 9). 17 B. Yang, K. Heng, T. Li, C. J. Collins, S. Wang, R. D. Dupuis, J. C. Campbell, M. J. Schurman, and I. T. 2000. 9N/GaN p-i-n photodetector array. Quantum Electronics Letter, 36(11):1229.

Data readout and processing. For most advanced designs, the information handling is crucial to successful mission performance and tied to the data channel to Earth. 4. Coolers. Radiation cooling of detector arrays is a tried and true method for satellite-based sensors. This method requires solar thermal shielding using appropriate sunshades, which strongly depend on the orbit choice, and a means for ensuring the radiator always looks to deep space. Phase-change heat pipes are occasionally employed to physically configure the position of radiators on the satellite, and thermal blankets are routine.

15 These major statements are embellished in the other chapters of this report. S. S. S. 19 Deductions, Extrapolations, and Speculations From the preceding discussions the future status of evolutionary sensor systems can be inferred (see Chapters 2, 3, and 4 for details of the detector technologies highlighted below): 13 John Pellegrino. 2009. Emerging Sensor Technologies for Army Applications. Presentation to the committee on December 8. Lyn Brown. 2010. Air Force Research in Detector Technologies.

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