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By Michael T. Putnam

Languages with loose be aware orders pose daunting demanding situations to linguistic idea simply because they increase questions about the character of grammatical strings. Ross, who coined the time period Scrambling to consult the rather ‘free’ observe orders present in Germanic languages (among others) notes that “… the issues occupied with specifying precisely the subset of the strings so one can be generated … are some distance too complex for me to even point out the following, not to mention come to grips with” (1967:52). This publication bargains a thorough re-analysis of center box Scrambling. It argues that Scrambling is a concatenation influence, as defined in Stroik’s (1999, 2000, 2007) Survive research of minimalist syntax, pushed by means of an interpretable referentiality function [Ref] to the center box, the place syntactically encoded gains for temporality and different global indices are checked. the aim of this publication is to enquire the syntactic homes of center box Scrambling in synchronic West Germanic languages, and to discover, to what attainable quantity we will classify Scrambling as a ‘syntactic phenomenon’ inside of Survive-minimalist desiderata.

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Extra resources for Scrambling and the Survive Principle

Example text

4 Alternative Approaches to Scrambling There exists a multitude of alternative approaches that attempt to explain the phenomenon of Scrambling within the minimalist framework of syntactic theory. For the sake of time and space, I have sorted competing approaches to a Survive-based explanation to middle field Scrambling into three camps. First, the null hypothesis that must be explored is whether or not any sort of syntactic displacement is involved at all in Scrambling; in other words, the possibility that scrambled items are base-generated in the syntax in their final surface position must be explored.

My last (and somewhat expected) criticism of any system that employs Move/Internal Merge to license middle field Scrambling is the reliance upon movement chains that are not interpretable at the external interfaces. In its current form, it is unclear what a movement legacy would look like that generates both A-movement and A’-movement characteristics. In Survive-minimalism such problems are completely avoided: Every application of Remerge and Link! are instances of feature identity at the interfaces.

Second, assuming that syntactic movement is involved in Scrambling – either substitution movement of an XP to the specifier of a higher functional head or displacement by XP-adjunction – we must investigate the strengths and weaknesses of claims that interpret middle field Scrambling as movement to Spec,AgrP and those that call on adjunction to Spec,vP. , Dutch and German) are capable of licensing Scrambling due to properties of asymmetry in their clausal structure (cf. , English) are structurally deficient and hence lack the ability to license Scrambling.

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