By Stanislas Dehaene
A popular cognitive neuroscientist?s interesting and hugely informative account of the way the mind acquires reading
How can a couple of black marks on a white web page evoke a complete universe of sounds and meanings? during this riveting research, Stanislas Dehaene offers an obtainable account of the mind circuitry of examining and explores what he calls the ?reading paradox?: Our cortex is the made from hundreds of thousands of years of evolution in an international with out writing, so how did it adapt to acknowledge phrases? Reading within the Brain describes pioneering examine on how we technique language, revealing the hidden good judgment of spelling and the lifestyles of robust subconscious mechanisms for deciphering phrases of any dimension, case, or font.
Dehaene?s study will fascinate not just readers drawn to technology and tradition, but in addition educators focused on debates on how we discover ways to learn, and who strive against with pathologies corresponding to dyslexia. Like Steven Pinker, Dehaene argues that the brain isn't a clean slate: Writing platforms throughout all cultures depend upon an analogous mind circuits, and studying is simply attainable insofar because it matches in the limits of a primate mind. surroundings state-of-the-art technology within the context of cultural debate, Reading within the Brain is an unheard of consultant to a uniquely human ability.
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Additional info for Reading in the Brain: The Science and Evolution of a Human Invention
The proof that smoking causes lung cancer is now, therefore, becoming truly scientific and rests on more than the mere demonstration of a statistical association. When two apparently identical groups are compared, both known to be susceptible to the smoking habit, the one which smokes has a much higher 45 Science is God death rate from lung cancer than the control group which does not smoke. This is a properly scientific conclusion. But it is a pity that it is not more often remembered that statistical associations between phenomena do not necessarily mean that the one is causing the other.
The experimental tests of the hypothesis must be such that they can be repeated over and over again. The results of a single piece of work can never be relied upon. Only rarely do we know all the factors which influence a phenomenon. Only rarely can we be sure that some unknown factor is not disturbing the results. 4. The scientist who formulates a hypothesis must have so much faith in it that at least in the first instance he is prepared to ignore apparently contradictory experimental facts. Most major advances in science depend on demonstrating that some widely accepted fact is either just not true or is based upon a misconception.
This, of course, means rejecting virtually the whole of modern medicine. I am a little contemptuous of those who make a very loud noise about animal experiments but who have no hesitation in rushing to the doctor as soon as their little toe begins to ache. There are important limitations to the value of animal experiments. Right at the beginning a variable factor whose significance is unknown is introduced. I want to understand the control of blood pressure in man. But most experiments on man cannot be justified on ethical grounds and so I must use animals.