By Marianne Mithun
A dialogue of the main issue in protection of North American Indian languages seems to be at numerous common and particular matters. First, it examines in brief present efforts by way of foreign organisations for upkeep of endangered languages all over the world. The dialogue then turns to North American Indian languages, and especially to 3 concerns: (1) tips on how to set priorities approximately which languages and types of languages to record, and the connection among linguists and the neighborhood during this attempt; (2) the types of cooperative initiatives which were winning thus far; and (3) the social accountability of the linguist, as a scientist and as a instructor of destiny researchers. The urgency of the matter is emphasised. (MSE). Read more...
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Additional info for Preservation of North American Indian Languages
SeeInupiaq North Slavey. SeeBearlake and Hare Northeastern Pono, a languageof the Pomoanfamily, was spokenon the easternslop of the Inner CoastRangein NorthernCalifomia aroundStonl4ord,on the west sideofthe SacrarnentoValley north ofClear Lake. The NortheastemPomowere isolatedfrom other Pomoanlanguagesby tenitory belongingto the Patwin,with whom they culturally identified; bilinguatismin Patwinwascommon. The last fluent speakerdied in 1961. Thereareperhapsasmanyas 1,000 fluent speakers. Principal communities areat Warm SpringsandBums, Oregon;Fort McDermitt, Owyhee,Winnemucca, PyramidLake,Reno-Sparks,Loveloch Fallon, Yeringorl andWalker River, Nevada; Lee Vining ard Fort Bidwell, Califomia.
SeeLuisef,o Kalapuya is the generalterm for the threelanguagesof the Kalapuyanfamily, TualatinYamhill, Central Kalepuyan (or Santiam), andYoncalla, formerly spokentlroughout mostof the WillametteRiver valley of westemOregon. A11threelanguageshadwelldifferentiatedlocal dialects. The Kalapuyapeoplesuffereda catastrophicdemographic declineafter contactwith whites,and in 1856the few survivorsweresettledon the Grand RondeReseryation,whercmost abandonedtheir native languagefor other lndian languagesor ChinookJargon.
Most TohonoO'odham speakersin the United Staleslive on the PapagoReservationin southemArizona westof Tucson;therearealso speakerson the SanXavier and Gila BendReservations. The Ofos movedsouthto the Yazoo River in the 1690sandwere subsequentlyabsorbedinto nearbytribes. The only documentationof Ofo is a vocabulary collectedin 1908from a womanof Ofo descent,living amongthe Tunicasin Louisiana, who had leamedsomeof the languagefrom her grandmother. Oji-Cree.