Download Poverty in the United States [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of by Gwendolyn Mink, Alice M. O'Connor PDF

By Gwendolyn Mink, Alice M. O'Connor

Poverty within the usa: An Encyclopedia of heritage, Politics, and Policy follows the historical past of poverty within the usa with an emphasis at the twentieth century, and examines the evolvement of public coverage and the influence of severe events in social welfare resembling the hot Deal, the struggle on Poverty, and, extra lately, the "end of welfare as we all know it." Encompassing the contributions of 1000's of specialists, together with historians, sociologists, and political scientists, this source offers a much wider point of data than past, hugely selective works.

With nearly three hundred alphabetically-organized issues, it covers themes and matters starting from affirmative motion to the Bracero software, the good melancholy, and dwelling salary campaigns to household abuse and unemployment. different entries describe and examine the definitions and causes of poverty, the connection of the welfare kingdom to poverty, and the political responses through the bad, middle-class execs, and the coverage elite.

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S. poor laws also weakened social provision, forcing more of those on public relief either to obtain aid in county poorhouses rather than “out of doors” or to depart for the cities. ” Those most likely to be poor were children, women alone, and those of either sex too old or ill to work. A cult of domesticity that prescribed a separate sphere of home and family for respectable women did not apply to the growing numbers of single and married women who worked outside the home, in factories or as domestic servants.

1989. Economic Development, the Family, and Income Distribution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lincoln, Abraham. [1858] 1953. ” In The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 3, ed. Roy P. Basler, 471–482. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. McCoy, Drew R. 1980. The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. McMath, Robert C. 1993. American Populism: A Social History, 1877–1898. New York: Hill and Wang. Montgomery, David.

A number of policy innovations—most important among them, President Andrew Jackson’s veto of a major national road project, general incorporation, tariff reduction, elimination of the Second Bank of the United States, and removal of Native Americans remaining east of the Mississippi— inaugurated what became the closest thing to a laissez-faire era the United States had yet known (Horwitz 1977). Though the Declaration of Independence had pronounced the right to life, liberty, and property inalienable, the realities of the Market Revolution were otherwise.

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