By Christoph Rosenmuller
Palace intrigues & clientelism drove politics on the viceregal court docket of colonial Mexico. by way of rigorously reconstructing social networks within the courtroom of Viceroy Duke of Alburquerque (1702-1710), Christoph Rosenmuller unearths that the Duke presided over probably the most corrupt viceregal phrases in Mexican heritage. Alburquerque was once appointed by means of Spain's King Philip V at a time whilst increasing kingdom energy used to be starting to meet with competition in colonial Mexico. The Duke & his retainers, notwithstanding likely operating for the crown, really equipped shut alliances with locals to thwart the reform efforts emanating from Spain. Alburquerque collaborated with contraband investors & adverse the secularization of Indian parishes. He persecuted a number of neighborhood craftsmen & retailers, a few of whom died after languishing in reformatory, accusing them of treason to strengthen his personal credentials as a devoted professional. finally, in spite of the fact that, the dominant clique on the royal courtroom in Madrid sought revenge. Alburquerque used to be pressured to pay an unheard-of indemnity of 700,000 silver pesos to regain the king's favour. facing a subject matter & interval mostly missed through historiography, Rosenmuller demonstrates the colossal patronage strength of the viceroy on the old watershed among the expiring Habsburg dynasty & the incoming Bourbon rulers. His research indicates that precursors of the Bourbon reforms & the fight for Mexican independence have been already at play within the early eighteenth century.
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Extra resources for Patrons, Partisans, and Palace Intrigues: The Court Society of Colonial Mexico 1702-1710 (Latin American and Caribbean)
Sala 9. Casa de escalera 10. Sala 11. Aposento 12. Aposento que une con las viviendas que estan ya hechas 13. Otro aposento 14. Cebadero sobre el Pajar del n. 18 15 y 16 Salas que toman la entrada para la escalera de el Rincón 17 y 18 y 19 tres salas al otro lado deel saguan para la escalera del otro rincón 20 y 21 dos Piezas para el oficio de Alcabalas que caen por el 22 y 23 dos piezas para Tributos 24. o baja por su escalera de arriba 25. Sala deel Alcayde de la Carcel 9. 26 10. Aposento y asulado escalera para subir ala azotea y 27 dos piezas para dho Alcayde Paradisso 31.
The Bourbons also introduced the intendancy system in the peninsula in 1711, only to revoke it in 1715, except for the provinces of the crown of Aragon. The instructions (ordenanza) of 4 July 1718 finally established the provincial intendants in all of Spain on a permanent 20 Patrons, Partisans, and Palace Intrigues footing with jurisdiction over the four areas of justice, policía (government), treasury, and war. In 1717 the House of Trade moved from Seville to Cadiz. In the 1740s the annual convoy gave way to independently sailing ships, so-called registered ships.
Their opponents blamed them of “lack of integrity,” yet their censure bore the mark of political vengeance. We can only talk about corruption in the narrower modern sense once the judiciary had reached sufficient independence to prosecute disobedience even of those belonging to the dominant clique. Only when the state had matured into its modern form as a neutral arbiter between contending parties did corruption evolve from a constituent characteristic of the state into an ethical problem for the individual.