Download Operation Gatekeeper: The Rise of the 'Illegal Alien' and by Joseph Nevins PDF

By Joseph Nevins

By way of 1994 American anti-immigration rhetoric had reached a fevered pitch, and throngs of migrants entered the U.S. nightly. In reaction, the INS introduced "Operation Gatekeeper," the center-piece of the Clinton administration's unparalleled attempt to "regain keep an eye on" of our borders. In Operation Gatekeeper, Joseph Nevins info the administration's dramatic overhaul of the San Diego-Tijauna border-the busiest land crossing within the world-adding miles of recent fence and enormous quantities of expert brokers.

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Extra resources for Operation Gatekeeper: The Rise of the 'Illegal Alien' and the Remaking of the U.S.-Mexico Boundary

Sample text

Interests readily took up, especially in the mining and transportation sectors. S. manufactured goods. 9 Indeed, “[a]t the peak of American control in Lower California, about 1885, little that was Mexican remained. S. 10 Local context and the creation of difference in the border region 35 Nevertheless, such transnational economic activity had a long-term effect on Baja California, engendering a heavy dependency on the United States. Although border towns in Mexico supported themselves through agriculture, ranching, and regional trade prior to the imposition of the boundary, dependence on foreign products (largely American) increased steadily as the area’s population grew in the aftermath of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

And it provides opportunity in working to maximize the economic benefits realized by domestic interests in a competitive world economy. These functions, however, are not totally complementary. S. capital and Mexican laborers) demonstrate, these functions are sometimes conflicting. S. -Mexico border region through the deployment of infrastructural power have fallen far short of their stated goal of establishing full control over the movement of peoples and goods across the international divide. Immigration Control and Boundary Enforcement: Pacification through Territorial Security Intensifying migratory links between the United States and Mexico—within a larger context of growing migration to the United States from a variety of countries around the world—led to increasing, albeit irregular and inconsistent, efforts to control the movement of people into the country in the late nineteenth century.

In some areas of the border region, local transboundary culture was such that the boundary served not so much as a national divide as it did as one of economic class. S. S. side lived in Nogales, Mexico. Such a situation made it difficult to distinguish between the two national territories in the area in a meaningful sense. S. ” It is thus understandable that intense transboundary cooperation marked the lives of many towns in the border region in the early part of this century. S. military buildup in the border region during the 1940s and 1950s.

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