By Alec P. Marantz
This publication offers a concept of grammatical family between sentential materials that is a improvement of Chomsky's Government-Binding idea. The cross-linguistic predictive strength of the idea is strangely robust and it's supported within the exam of a variety of languages. in the syntax of a language, grammatical kinfolk confirm things like be aware order, case marking, verb contract, and the chances of anaphora (co- and disjoint reference) between nominals. different techniques to grammatical relatives have thought of them to call sessions of components that percentage clusters of houses, together with so much prominently structural positions or case marking, nonetheless others have claimed that grammatical relatives are primitives in syntactic idea, yet are similar primarily to semantic roles. Rejecting those techniques, this monograph develops a thought along with at its middle a "projection principle": The syntax of a language is believed to be a (direct) "Projection" of the compositional sematics, and the mechanisms of projection are explicitly spelled out. Chapters conceal the 2 asymmetries and lexical good points on which the idea is outfitted; semantic and syntactic info from a wide selection of languages that help the common applicability and explanatory energy of those asymmetries and contours; beneficial properties of passive, antipassive, dative-shift, anticausative, causative, and utilized verb buildings within the worlds' languages defined by way of the idea; confirmations of the theory's predictions in languages for which substitute techniques to grammatical kin fail to supply winning analyses; and, comparability of the book's perception of grammatical kinfolk tothose within the GB framework, Montague Grammar, Relational Grammar, and Lexical-Functional Grammar. Alec Marantz is affiliated with the Society of guys, Harvard college. "On the character of Grammatical family "is a Linguistic Inquiry Monograph.
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Additional resources for On the Nature of Grammatical Relations
1-s Subject-Object Asymmetries To repeat, constituents are assigned their sem antic roles in the present theory; they do not receive roles by virtue o f occupying slots in predicates. A nother im portant difference betw een P-A structures of this book and the sort of predicate notation em ployed by Jackendoff and others is that the form er but not the latter imply an asym m etry among the inherent sem antic roles asso ciated with a verb. In the Jackendoff (1976) fram ew ork and in many current theories all semantic dependents of a verb simply fill slots in H-ary predicates such as GO (x, y, z).
This particular idiom has a peculiar property not always associated with object idioms: its sentential syntax is fixed. 1 that tense should be considered a sentence-external modifier). For example, the idiom requires progressive aspect; What ate NP? lacks the idiomatic reading. From the point of view of the present the ory, it is im portant that this apparent subject idiom has no S-intemal syntax, for it is precisely S-intem al syntax that is at issue. W hat’s eat ing NP? is not a com bination of subject and verb, forming a predicate on the object, but rather a com bination of wh- question syntax, pro gressive aspect, plus subject and v erb — that is, a com plete sentence fram e— with an open slot for an argum ent.
2. 1-s Subject-Object Asymmetries To repeat, constituents are assigned their sem antic roles in the present theory; they do not receive roles by virtue o f occupying slots in predicates. A nother im portant difference betw een P-A structures of this book and the sort of predicate notation em ployed by Jackendoff and others is that the form er but not the latter imply an asym m etry among the inherent sem antic roles asso ciated with a verb. In the Jackendoff (1976) fram ew ork and in many current theories all semantic dependents of a verb simply fill slots in H-ary predicates such as GO (x, y, z).