By Michael S. Brady
Metaethics occupies a principal position in analytical philosophy, and the final 40 years has obvious an upsurge of curiosity in questions about the character and perform of morality. This assortment provides unique and ground-breaking study on metaethical concerns from the various best possible of a brand new new release of philosophers operating during this box.
Read or Download New Waves in Metaethics (New Waves in Philosophy) PDF
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Extra info for New Waves in Metaethics (New Waves in Philosophy)
The facts embodied in the non-relativistically correct set of standards for evaluating human action, we claim, cannot be fully accounted for in terms of natural facts alone, and neither can the very fact that a given set of standards is a non-relativistically correct one. So our question becomes: how could human beings have come to employ evaluative or normative concepts in their ethical thinking in a way that at least seeks to be accountable to such non-naturalistic standards? Though I cannot here develop a complete answer to this important question, a sketch of the answer goes as follows.
For those with naturalistic impulses and a certain view of the paradigmatic function of descriptive discourse, moral discourse presents a problem to be solved. The view of the paradigmatic function of descriptive discourse is that it is used to represent the way things are; property-words pick out properties, object-words pick out objects, and the claim ‘Object O has property P’ represents the fact that O does indeed have property P. In this explanation the words ‘pick out’ and ‘represent’ are intended to be understood in a substantive way.
What is important is that many philosophers have thought that no naturalistic property could in fact do the job, and have therefore claimed that the surface grammar of moral assertions is misleading. Rather than representing facts, or expressing beliefs, moral claims, according to these philosophers, serve a different function: they give expression to non-cognitive attitudes. But the view cannot stop here; it must also explain why it is that moral discourse exhibits all the syntactical trappings of descriptive discourse.