By Ray Jayawardhana
Each moment of each day and evening, many trillions of neutrinos go through your physique. yet most folk had by no means heard of them till they made headlines lately for in all probability vacationing quicker than mild. fortunately, those ghostly particles--celebrated in a pleasant John Updike poem and (falsely) blamed for heating the Earth's middle within the Hollywood catastrophe motion picture 2012--do no damage and go away no hint. they're so tricky to pin down that scientists needs to use Olympic-size swimming pools of cleansing fluid deep underground and kilometre-thick sheets of Antarctic ice to capture only a handful. but the shadowy neutrinos carry the major to unlocking many of the largest mysteries of the universe: What used to be the universe like seconds after the large Bang? Why is anti-matter so infrequent? What triggers exploding stars?
The popular astrophysicist and award-winning technological know-how author Ray Jayawardhana tells us that neutrino study is now coming into a courageous new period and explains why those pathologically shy debris may possibly spark a revolution in physics. both interesting is the exciting detective tale of neutrino hunters, the scientists we meet in this intriguing quest.
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Extra info for Neutrino Hunters: The Thrilling Chase for a Ghostly Particle to Unlock the Secrets of the Universe
Randolph Hearst at her estate near Livermore, California. Later, reading sketches of his life, I came to see that he was capable of a great range of emotions, which can be both blessing and curse. Once, crossing the Atlantic from Bremen to New York, he wrote of “the wonderfully rolling seas, each day different and each day more amazing,” and at one point he wept at the color of the ocean. And standing on the deck at night he marveled at the phosphorescence and moonlight 35 Boltzmann's Tomb - 2nd pass:Layout 1 4/1/11 3:05 PM Page 36 BILL GREEN that played on the black surface of the sea.
Who in those centuries could even have imagined it—the vast ice fields and glaciers, the threatened ozone that lay high above, the molecules and ions that swam in the streams and in the lakes. And yet for me, so much of wonder started with them, with those figures, with the stars and planets that haunted their dreams. Without them, there could have been no Boltzmann or Bohr, no Meitner exploring the pierced shards of the nucleus; the modern world we call home would 59 Boltzmann's Tomb - 2nd pass:Layout 1 4/1/11 3:05 PM Page 60 BILL GREEN have been some shrouded land beyond ice and mist like a continent impossible to descry.
From them came the instruments and methods that extend our lives, that sire the rovers that inch across Mars in its russet dawn with signals of hope. They gave us Los Angeles, Singapore, and New York beaded in radiance across the midnight globe. And they gave us all of the smallest things that exist beneath our seeing: the jostling, wandering atoms that Boltzmann knew were there; the orbitals and the spun clouds of hydrogen and oxygen; the frames of carbon built on 61 Boltzmann's Tomb - 2nd pass:Layout 1 4/1/11 3:05 PM Page 62 BILL GREEN carbon that lay in pools in the darkness beneath Titusville, Pennsylvania, and beneath the sands of the Arabian Peninsula.