By Norma Ricketts
Few occasions within the historical past of the yank some distance West from 1846 to 1849 didn't contain the Mormon Battalion. The Battalion participated within the usa conquest of California and within the discovery of gold, opened 4 significant wagon trails, and carried the inside track of gold east to an keen American public. but, the battalion is little recognized past Mormon historical past. this primary entire heritage of the wide-ranging military unit restores it to its relevant position in Western historical past, and offers descendants a whole roster of the Battalion's individuals.
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Purchase of Sutter's Russian Cannon 301 H. Military Documents 303 I. Music and Poetry 305 Notes 317 Bibliography 349 Index 357 Page vi Maps 1. Mormon Battalion Route first leaf 2. Council Bluffs to Fort Leavenworth 12 3. Fort Leavenworth to Santa Fe 34 4. Santa Fe to Tucson 66 5. Tucson to San Diego 102 6. After Discharge 170 7. Holmes-Thompson Company: Mormon-Carson Pass 206 8. Holmes-Thompson Company: Salt Lake Cutoff 216 9. Cooke's Wagon Road last leaf Page vii Illustrations Brigham Young Enrolling Battalion Volunteers frontispiece Brigham Young's Address Prior to Battalion Departure xx Fort Leavenworth 34 Accoutrements Issued to Company A 38 Rations Issued to Company A 39 Receipt for Equipment and Animals Issued to Company A 39 Crossing the Pecos River 64 Santa Fe 64 Guadalupe Pass 89 Pass of the Dome, San Bernardino Rancho 89 Tucson 97 Village of the Pima Indians 102 Junction of the Gila and Colorado Rivers 109 Colonel Philip St.
Army. Mormon BattalionHistory. 4. Mexican War, 1846-1848Regimental histories. 5. Mexican War, 1846-1848Participation, Mormon. 6. MormonsSouthwest, NewHistory. 7. United States. Army. Mormon BattalionRegisters. 8. Southwest, NewHistory, Military. 9. CaliforniaHistory, Military. I. Title. 6'24dc20 96-35706 CIP Page v Contents Foreword by David L. Bigler viii Preface xii Acknowledgments xvii Introduction 1 1. The Enlistment 11 2. Fort Leavenworth: Knapsacks and Muskets 35 3. Santa Fe: Colonel Cooke Assumes Command 65 4.
The fifth company started the next day. Arriving at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, August 1, 1846, the men were issued supplies and equipment. They decided to travel in their own clothes and send most of the clothing allowance of $42 to their families and their church. This, they thought, was part of their duty and the call of their mission. The group left Fort Leavenworth August 13, 1846, and began one of the longest infantry marches in United States history. When the battalion left Fort Leavenworth to start its journey west, it was without uniforms, without military discipline or training, and handicapped by the presence of wives and families and by a leadership divided between military and religious authority.