By Guglielmo Cinque, Luigi Rizzi
Mapping Spatial PPs makes a speciality of a selected point of the interior syntax of prepositional words that has been really missed in past reviews: the fine-grained articulation in their constitution. With contributions from best students within the box, this quantity investigates such elements as course, place, axial half, deictic heart, absolute (ambiental) and relative view element, utilizing proof from Romance, Germanic, and African languages, with references to different language households. Mapping Spatial PPs demonstrates that the interior constitution of prepositional words is richer than formerly famous.
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Additional resources for Mapping Spatial PPs: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 6 (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
First, they could be in the Spec of the projection containing the P. I reject this option since it can be shown that r-pronouns occur higher than this within the extended PP. , the Case position, where lexical DPs within the PP are licensed). I reject this option as well because this position appears to be reserved for regular pronouns (which can be weak pronouns) (cf. 2). This leaves a third option: R-pronouns move to Spec of a designated projection, which is labeled Place. 1. r-pronouns are higher than spec, pp There is empirical evidence that r-pronouns occupy a position higher than Spec, PP.
De weg het bos in the road the forest in ‘the road into the forest’ (locative only) (directional only) When the auxiliary have is selected, a prepositional PP can be interpreted only as locative, and, concomitantly, a postpositional phrase is disallowed: (42) a. ’ (locative reading only) 44 MAPPING SPATIAL PPS b. ’ This suggests the following generalization: (43) Prepositional directional PPs are allowed only when selected by motion verbs. Since postpositional phrases are one particular type of directional PP, their syntax can be understood only within a general understanding of the distribution and properties of directional PPs as a whole.
The development of a unified analysis for Dutch Ps should further our understanding of the necessary properties of the basic invariant structure, which, by hypothesis, underlies the syntax of all human languages. Expectations and theoretical assumptions I first establish the structure of PPs by using as analytical tools those aspects of the theory that are relatively well understood, in particular the basic form of syntactic structures and movement theory. I depart from much of the current syntactic practice, which imposes additional methodological restrictions on possible analyses.