By Luis López (auth.)
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Additional resources for Locality and the Architecture of Syntactic Dependencies
If C HL is designed to function as efficiently as possible, it would seem entirely plausible that it would incorporate a mechanism to cancel derivations that C-I cannot read at once instead of allowing doomed derivations to proceed uselessly. Select plays exactly this role. As for specifiers and adjunct positions, I will assume that the only difference between one and the other is whether the position includes an unvalued feature (spec) or not (adjunct). I follow Chomsky (1995) in assuming that the theory of phrase structure does not have any restrictions on how many specs/adjuncts a head can have.
This datum provides evidence that in English T does not assign nominative. This is discussed in Chapter 4. Another empirical advantage of excluding T from the list of Case assigners comes from the phenomenon of agreement with relative pronouns discussed in Kayne (1995) and Van Gelderen (J 997). cf. (24). (23) CP a. ~ C[null] vp b. CP ~ C TP for ~ UP ~ Tl1un-fm vP Agree, Move, A-dependencies c. fin (24) The people who the boy think are in the garden. In (24), T agrees with the relative pronoun instead of EA.
However, since 'there' is