By Jürgen M. Meisel, Martin D. Pam
The time period ‘word order reports’ designates a space of syntax which has turn into an more and more relevant subject in linguistic study. because, in not less than a slim experience, syntax is the research of ways significant parts are prepare to shape sentences, a preoccupation with note order would appear inherent in any syntactic research. despite the fact that, the focal point implied by means of ‘word order experiences’ is something yet trivial, going because it does to the center of 2 important components of linguistic idea: language universals, and the shape of linguistic versions. the current number of papers bargains the reader a chance to ascertain a few of the more moderen rules during this vast sector, targeting many of the extra debatable concerns in the generative-transformational version.
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Additional info for Linear Order and Generative Theory
Since there is, first, little hard evidence that the former two transformations exist, and since, besides, a formal state ment of their form has never been made by those who believe in their ex istence, it makes little sense to allow the problems their supposed com plexity presents to become an argument for substantial changes in other parts of the grammar. We can focus attention on the purported difficulty with Subject-raising in English as an SVO language. McCawley's version of Subject-raising relates in (5) both (a) to (b), and (c) to (d).
The rule of verb-movement in the VSO analysis is an only indirect statement of the same generalization, made possible by the unnecessary positing of VSO order. The three-dot notation in (21a) and (22a) is deliberate, for it expresses the fact that the transformation which relates (21a) to (22a) may be interpreted to apply without regard to whether linear order of 42 GROVER HUDSON main constituents in S2 is VSO or SOV. This order might even be SVO or OSV. The two transformations which attach prepositions in Amharic may therefore be expressed in completely non-linear form as follows, where the commas indicate that no linear relationship is established be tween the items they seperate.
Still, Bach's remaining arguments are persuasive insofar as they show the sufficiency, if not the necessity, of a VSO analysis of Amharic. 2. AMHARIC AS A VSO LANGUAGE Bach's first argument that Amharic is a VSO language begins with two observations: first, possesser-possessed phrases in Amharic are introduced by the prefix yä, which is identical to the verb prefix which marks relative clauses; second, such possessive phrases are "presumably derived by reducing relative clauses with 'have' constructions,,," (p.