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By Z Guentcheva

Avec ce recueil qui reunit dix-huit contributions, nous poursuivons l. a. quete collective entreprise dans le quantity L'enonciation mediatisee ou, pour eviter toute confusion conceptuelle et terminologique, une contrast avait ete introduite entre mediatif et enonciation mediatisee. Rappelons que, selon cette contrast, le terme de mediatif designe une categorie grammaticale qui, fondee sur des oppositions formelles au sein du systeme grammatical d'une langue, permet a l'enonciateur de presenter des events (...) dont il n'assume pas l. a. responsabilite pour en avoir european connaissance par voie indirecte, d'ou l. a. possibilite pour lui de manifester divers degres de distance par rapport au contenu de son propre message (Guentcheva 1996: 11). Notons que le mediatif exclut de son champ semantique tout fait presente comme un constat ou lie a los angeles belief visuelle, que les degres de distance que l'enonciateur manifeste a l'egard du contenu propositionnel du message transmis, laissent l'enonce en dehors de toute assignation en vrai ou en pretend (ibid.) et qu'il ne releve pas de los angeles modalite epistemique. En revanche, l'enonciation mediatisee n'implique pas necessairement de procedes grammaticalises qui s'organisent en un systeme coherent au sein de los angeles langue, bien que, dans un contexte particulier, une forme verbale puisse recevoir une valeur mediative ou qu'un aspect syntaxique comme certains adverbes ou expressions adverbiales puisse conduire a une interpretation mediative de los angeles word. Rappelons egalement que les contributions au recueil en query attestaient de l. a. complexite du phenomene mediatif, de los angeles variete de procedes morphosyntaxiques et lexicaux mis en uvre dans l'expression de los angeles concept de mediation (ou de mediatisation) et de los angeles relation complexe que los angeles categorie du mediatif entretient d'une half avec los angeles valeur de resultativite liee au parfait et d'autre half, avec los angeles modalite epistemique. C'est le questionnement sur cette variete de procedes morphosyntaxiques et sur l. a. pertinence de los angeles proposal de mediation ou de mediatisation dans d'autres langues du monde qui est a l'origine de ce moment quantity.

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Additional info for L'énonciation médiatisée II : Le traitement épistémologique de l'information : illustrations amérindiennes et caucasiennes (Bibliothèque de l'Information Grammaticale)

Sample text

Suppletion also extends to the superlative grade. In the majority of cases, the superlative and comparative forms share a common root, distinct from that of the positive (Ultan 1972, 144), as in (30). I will refer to this as an ABB pattern, to indicate that the shared root (B) in the comparative and superlative is distinct from the root of the positive (A). (30) a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. English English Danish Czech Georgian Estonian Kildin Saami Basque Kabardian Cherokee POS CMPR good bad god špatn-ý k’argi-i hea šig’ asko kwad, ba osda bett-er be-st worse wor-st bed-re bed-st ‘good’ hor-ší nej-hor-ší ‘bad’ u-mˇjob-es-i sa-u-mˇjob-es-o ‘good’ pare-m par-im ‘good’ pEr’-am pEr’-mus ‘good’ gehi-ago gehi-en ‘many’ nax nax-deda ‘many’ dajehla wi-dajehl-˜2Pi ‘good’ SPRL Another suppletive pattern that is rare, but nevertheless attested, is the ABC pattern, in which each grade is built on a distinct root.

C. Faatu dafa Faatu 3 SG . VERB . ’ d. Faatu dafa sut Ibu. Faatu 3 SG . VERB . ’ e. Moo gën-a njool Aamadu. 3 SG . SUBJ . 16 As far as I can determine, these languages do not have a distinct superlative construction for which the CSG would make predictions, and since the languages do not draw a distinction between adjectives and verbs, it is not clear what expectations may hold for an analogue to the C G 15. This was first drawn to my attention by Fiona Mc Laughlin. 16. Intrinsically comparative verbs for some adjectival meanings are also reported for Mayali (Evans 2003, 569–570).

In a theory with the Containment Hypothesis, elsewhere ordering ensures that the allomorph in (51b) will automatically extend to the superlative environment, yielding the ABB pattern. But in a theory lacking the Containment Hypothesis, no such extension is guaranteed. The comparative environment is just that—the comparative—and the basic pattern is thus the unattested *ABA (*bonus – melior – bonissimus). Put differently, without the Containment Hypothesis, nothing precludes direct reference to the comparative context alone, and it is this possibility that prevents the theory from deriving (hence explaining) the CSG.

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