By Scott Morgenstern, Benito Nacif
This theoretically encouraged research explores legislative politics in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. rather than starting with an assumption that those legislatures are both rubber-stamps or obstructionist our bodies, the chapters supply new information and a clean analytical method of describe and clarify the position of those consultant our bodies in those consolidating democracies. for every kingdom the e-book offers 3 chapters devoted, in flip, to executive-legislative family, the legislatures' organizational constitution, and the coverage technique.
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Studying the legislature’s organization, then, is a reﬂection of the institution’s locus of power. S. Congress. The legislative structure also has implications for the 9 Scott Morgenstern representation of interests, the type of policy that may ultimately survive the process, and the legislature’s ability to carefully scrutinize the executive branch. S. Congress. In explaining the issues that the chapters address, I will focus on three themes that are prominent in the American literature: procedural coalitions, committee systems, and ﬂoor voting patterns.
8 The ten DNUs signed by president Alfonsín between 1983 and December 1989 could, but with reservations, be considered to have been in the context of serious emergencies. 9 To enforce it he had the support of the Supreme Court, which was opportunely “packed” through irregular procedures. 10 This ambiguous wording opens the way to all sorts of interpretations and therefore to presidential discretion. The strategic advantages of DNUs are obvious. 11 He only needs, for example, the support of onethird of the senators to impose his will over that of the rest of Congress.
S. f. Fiorina 1989; Lowi 1969). Parliamentary systems have generally done a better job at maintaining voting unity, due to the threat of early elections and the executive’s use of cabinet posts to maintain support (Laver and Shepsle 1990; Laver and Schoﬁeld 1990). Bowler, Farrell, and Katz (1999), in the ﬁrst text-length study of the subject, however, remind us of the faction-riddled Italian parliament. Contributors to their volume then discuss the factors that strain and support party unity as well as the effects of unity on interpartisan relations, the maintenance of coalitions, relations with party activists, formation of role of party unity, and other factors in a variety of European countries.