By Andrea Hollomotz
Individuals with studying problems are significantly likely to event sexual violence than non-disabled humans, and for that reason they can be defined as 'vulnerable'. although, using this label can in truth bring up chance. This ebook argues that via seeing adults with studying problems as weak and wanting safeguard, they're stripped in their autonomy and left with fewer abilities which are had to defend themselves from damage. Their various remedy, comparable to segregation and over-protection, can in reality bring up their 'vulnerability'. the writer discusses a variety of social tactics, corresponding to intercourse schooling, self-determination, friendships, sexual relationships and social inclusion, and examines the chance and merits linked to every one. Drawing at the daily reviews of 29 adults with studying problems, the writer illustrates how individuals with studying problems should be able to safeguarding themselves from damage, and makes quite a number feedback for permitting them to develop into larger built at dealing with danger themselves. This ebook might be crucial analyzing for practitioners operating with individuals with studying problems, in addition to scholars and lecturers within the fields of incapacity and social paintings.
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Extra resources for Learning Difficulties and Sexual Vulnerability: A Social Approach
A focus on individual attributes and self-defence skills in explaining the origin of risk of sexual violence could reflect an individual model approach to disability, unless care is taken to include social causes. This book aims to challenge individualising approaches by examining how self-defence skills result from social processes. As discussed above, they are neither fixed capacities nor inherent to the individual. Concerns about increasing sexual self-defence skills are not limited to people with learning difficulties.
However, others acting on a person’s behalf will do little to equip him or her with the skills necessary to manage risk themselves. Adult protection therefore does not address disabled people’s dependence on support workers and professionals. It may help with the management of a particular situational risk factor, but it does not effectively reduce the individual’s level of exposure to risk in daily life, as it does not enable an increase of social and sexual competence or self-determination skills.
When Murphy and O’Callaghan (2004) assessed the consent capacity of 60 adults with learning difficulties they found that individuals often lacked knowledge in a number of key areas, including pregnancy, masturbation, contraception, birth control, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), types of sexual relationships and legal aspects of sex. However, they argued that individuals do not need to have | 48 | S EXUAlITY | 49 knowledge in all of these areas in order to consent to a proposed sexual act.