By Gyula Klima
It truly is in most cases intended that yes parts of medieval philosophy are uncharacteristically preserved in glossy philosophical suggestion throughout the concept that psychological phenomena are wonderful from actual phenomena via their intentionality, their intrinsic directedness towards a few item. the numerous exceptions to this presumption, notwithstanding, threaten its viability.
This quantity explores the intricacies and forms of the conceptual relationships medieval thinkers constructed between intentionality, cognition, and psychological illustration. starting from Aquinas, Scotus, Ockham, and Buridan via less-familiar writers, the gathering sheds new mild at the numerous strands that run among medieval and glossy proposal and convey us to a couple of primary questions within the philosophy of brain because it is conceived this day.
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Extra info for Intentionality, Cognition, and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy
See Max Herrera, “Understanding Similitudes in Aquinas with the Help of Avicenna and Averroes,” Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics 5 (2005): 4–17, esp. 11: “A species is a type of form that intentionally specifies and determines its subject by communicating a ratio, also known as an intentio, to its subject. indd 35 11/5/14 9:52 AM 36 joshua p. hochschild So for Aquinas the concept mediates thought and signification because it is a representation of its object, a special kind of representation in an intellectual agent which makes that agent aware of an intellectual object—and we can say this without implicating him in the difficulties of “mental representationalism” with its mediated entities separating the knower from the world.
Rather, the logic here, as elsewhere, seems to present talk of the Divine Word as (at least in part) a semantic or psychological metaphor (or analogy) relating the Son to intellectual conceptions. 30 On the basis of these reflections, it is fair to say that in characterizing the concept as a “verbum,” Aquinas wants to highlight the following things about human thought: first, concepts behave like words in that they represent, and second, that they are a kind of utterance or “expression” by the mind that remain within the mind.
Indd 26 11/5/14 9:52 AM concepts and meaning in medieval philosophy 27 things of which they are the concept—them they signify naturally and properly, for they are cognitions of them. “Animal,” for example, ultimately signifies animals (solid line) by virtue of its relation (dashed line) to the concept of animal, which signifies animals naturally and properly (dotted line). But in virtue of what does “animal” signify itself and its similars? ” In other words, there are two concepts corresponding to the vocal and written terms “animal,” and indeed to every term.