By Luis López
In Indefinite Objects, Luis López provides a unique method of the syntax-semantics interface utilizing indefinite noun words as a database. conventional ways map structural configurations to semantic interpretations at once; López hyperlinks configuration to a style of semantic composition, with the latter yielding the translation. The polyvalent habit of indefinites has lengthy been explored via linguists who've been drawn to their syntax, semantics, and case morphology, and López's contribution will be obvious as a synthesis of findings from numerous traditions. He argues, first, that scrambled indefinite items are composed by way of functionality program preceded through selection functionality whereas gadgets in situ are composed via limit. This distinction yields the various interpretive chances of indefinite gadgets. López's extra nuanced method of the syntax-semantics interface seems to be wealthy in empirical consequences.
Second, he proposes that brief scrambling additionally yields Differential Marking, only if context stipulations are fulfilled, whereas in situ gadgets stay unmarked. hence, López contributes to the wide literature on Differential item Marking by way of displaying that syntactic configuration is an important issue. López substantiates this strategy with info from Spanish, Hindi-Urdu, Persian (Farsi), Kiswahili, Romanian, and German.
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Extra resources for Indefinite Objects: Scrambling, Choice Functions, and Differential Marking
I will not attempt to investigate this hypothesis in depth, but simply point out that there are two reasons to think it would be useful in an analysis of DOM: (i) in many languages, DOM is morphologically identical to dative; and (ii) in many languages, DOM affects DOs in telic configurations. Elaborating a little further, there is no particular reason why the applicative function and the inner aspect function should be encapsulated in one category. In fact, in chapter 4 I will argue that in Kiswahili the two types of functions head their own phrases.
3pl always ‘I don’t know if you’ll remember. ’ Thus, accusative A is obligatory with partitives only in cases of real discourse connectedness. We have seen that ciert- and cualquiera force a specific or nonspecific reading on the nominal phrase that includes them. In other words, they can be used as tests of specificity. Another test involves mood, as mentioned in the introduction to this chapter. If a nominal phrase includes a relative clause, the mood of the relative clause depends on specificity (Rivero 1979).
Non-D-linked wh-phrases are commonly regarded as indefinite nominal phrases and therefore one would expect optional accusative A. It is puzzling that non-D-linked wh-phrases are not allowed with unmarked objects. 8 The Definiteness Scale Some of the facts presented in this section are well-known, and every student of Spanish linguistics or DOM is familiar with them. 7). Even those facts that have previously been described have not, in my opinion, received the attention they deserve: for instance, the optionality of the specific readings for marked objects or the impossibility of marked objects with existential and possessor predicates.