By Christopher Janaway
This unique new e-book argues for a reassessment of Plato's problem to the humanities. Plato was once the 1st nice determine in Western philosophy to evaluate the worth of the humanities; he argued within the Republic that ordinarily accredited varieties of poetry, drama, and track are unsound. whereas this view has been extensively rejected, Janaway argues that Plato's opposed case is a extra coherent and profound problem to the humanities than has occasionally been meant. Denying that Plato advocates "good paintings" in any sleek experience, Janaway seeks either to appreciate Plato's critique within the context of his personal philosophy and to find him in modern philosophy of paintings, displaying how concerns in aesthetics come up from responses to his fees.
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Extra resources for Images of Excellence: Plato's Critique of the Arts
55d-56c. These passages are discussed in Ch. below, 3 Collingwood recognizes the importance of hard-won technique for artists (1938,26— 9), and allows that a work of art can also be a work of craft. But, for him, something's being an exercise of craft-technique is never part of what makes it art. 4 5 Ibid. 15. Ibid. 17, 18. 38 Arts, Crafts, and Pleasure actions is that they 'are passed through or traversed in order to reach the end, and are left behind when the end is reached'. Secondly, the distinction between planning and execution— The result to be obtained is preconceived or thought out before being arrived at The craftsman knows what he wants to make before he makes it.
20 Rhapsody rivers—exactly what the souls of the- lyric poets do, as they say themselves. You see, I understand the poets Inform us that they bring, their lyric poetry to us from certain gardens and glades of the Muses, by gathering it from honeysprings, like bees, and flying through the ak like they do. And they are right. A poet, you see, is a Eght thing, and winged and holy, and cannot compose before he gets inspiration and loses control of his senses and his reason has deserted him. No man, so long as he keeps that, can prophesy or compose.
The idea is that if I could tell you what I wanted to express in a poem prior to its completion, it would be redundant to complete the poem—or, contrary to hypothesis, it would already be complete, because I would already have expressed my emotion in telling you. For the same reason, the means-end distinction is lacking. The *end' is not specifiable until it is reached, and the 'means' are not discarded as mere instruments once an 'end' is reached— for, according to Collingwood, the process of expressing one's emotion really is the work of art itself, Now Coltiftgwood thinks Plato had the correct conception of craft, but confusedly made poetry into a species of craft which worked as a means to the end of arousing emotions.