By Bruno Pignataro
Written by means of probably the most proficient younger chemists in Europe, this article covers many of the groundbreaking matters in fabrics technological know-how. It offers an account of the most recent examine leads to eu fabrics chemistry according to a range of best younger scientists partaking within the 2008 ecu younger Chemists Award pageant. The contributions diversity from nanotechnology to catalysis. moreover, the authors offer a present evaluation in their box of analysis and a preview of destiny directions.
For fabrics scientists, in addition to natural and analytical chemists.
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Additional resources for Ideas in Chemistry and Molecular Sciences: Advances in Nanotechnology, Materials and Devices
2001) Self-assembling cyclic peptide cylinders as nuclei for crystal engineering. Angew. Chem. Int. , 40 (11), 2163–2166. R. (1995) β -Sheet peptide architecture: measuring the relative stability of parallel vs. antiparallel β-sheets. Angew. Chem. Int. , 34 (1), 95–98. D. R. (1995) Supramolecular design by covalent capture. Design of a peptide cylinder via hydrogen-bond-promoted intermolecular oleﬁn metathesis. J. Am. Chem. , 117 (49), 12364–12365. R. (1999) Covalent capture and stabilization of cylindrical β-sheet peptide assemblies.
These nanostructures are being actively investigated because of their potential applications in different ﬁelds such as chemistry, medicine, biology, pharmacology, and materials science. Future research work will be directed to the preparation of self-assembling α, γ -peptide nanotubes with desirable tunable properties employing the methodology described above. One of our main interests is the use of those nanotubes in potential applications such as the storage of gases and liquids, selective transport of a wide variety of molecules, energy conversion, and catalysis.
These materials can be grouped in the so-called ‘‘unsupported’’ MNPs. However, the nanoparticles may undergo aggregation and suffer from poisoning under the reaction conditions, resulting in deactivation and loss of catalytic activity. A signiﬁcant volume of research has been published with the expressed aim of inhibiting aggregation and producing highly active nanoparticles with homogeneous size dispersity [6–8]. The control of nanoparticle size, shape, and dispersity is the key to selectivity and enhanced activity.