By Eric A. Woodroof
The panorama for enforcing power effective tasks is quickly altering and the necessity for strength venture financing hasn't ever been higher. This booklet presents the foremost luck elements for structuring a finance strength venture and getting it authorized via most sensible administration. half I covers the necessity for financing in addition to the fundamental techniques. half II covers a few sensible functions of financing equivalent to functionality contracts, strength buy agreements, and different goods like speed financing. half III includes articles that experience helped many engineers get extra initiatives carried out as they contain info that may be used to provide initiatives and get them approved.
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Economic Analysis for a Bond. —————————————————————————————————————————————— 26 How to Finance Energy Management Projects A Simple Introduction to Financing Energy Management Projects 27 In addition to tax considerations, there are other reasons why the cost of debt financing is less than the financing cost of selling stock. Lenders and bond buyers (creditors) will accept a lower rate of return because they are in a less risky position due to the reasons below. • Creditors have a contract to receive money at a certain time and future value.
At the end of year five, PizzaCo repurchases the stock. Alternatively, PizzaCo could capitalize the dividend payments, which means setting aside enough money so the dividends could be paid with the interest generated. Investors Chilled Water System Manufacturer Purchase Amount Cash Sell Stock PizzaCo Equipment Figure 2-9. Resource Flow Diagram for Selling Stock. 28 How to Finance Energy Management Projects Table 2-7 shows the economic analysis for issuing stock at a 16% cost of equity capital, then repurchasing the stock at the end of year five.
Also, any cash used to purchase the equipment would carry an “opportunity cost,” because that cash could have been used to earn a return somewhere else. This opportunity cost rate is usually set equal to the MARR. In other words, the company lost the opportunity to invest the cash and gain at least the MARR from another investment. Of all the arrangements described in this chapter, purchasing equipment with retained earnings is probably the simplest to understand. For this reason, it will serve as a brief example and introduction to the economic analysis tables that are used throughout this chapter.