By Ben Goertzel
Cybernetic pioneer Warren McCullough requested: "What is a guy, that he may well comprehend a host; and what's a host, guy may well recognize it?" pondering alongside a lot an analogous traces, my query here's: "What is an inventive brain, that it could possibly emerge from a posh procedure; and what's a fancy process, that it may possibly provide upward push to an artistic mind?" Complexity technological know-how is a trendy subject nowadays. My viewpoint on complexity, besides the fact that, is a a bit of strange one: i'm attracted to advanced platforms technological know-how largely because it displays on summary mathematical, computational versions of brain. In my 3 prior books, The constitution of Intelligence, Evolving brain, and Chaotic common sense, i've got defined a accomplished complex-systems-theoretic concept of brain that I now name the psynet version. This ebook is a continuation of the examine software provided in my prior books (and these books can be often observed right here, via the nicknames EM and CL). One may perhaps summarize the trajectory of concept spanning those 4 books as follows. SI formulated a philosophy and mathem- ics of brain, according to theoretical laptop technological know-how and the idea that of "pattern. " EM analyzed the idea of evolution by way of common choice in comparable phrases, and used this computational conception of evolution to set up the evolutionary nature of thought.
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Additional info for From Complexity to Creativity: Explorations in Evolutionary, Autopoietic, and Cognitive Dynamics
This degree of fit is precisely the the structural fitness! So, survival in current position is correlated with structural fitness with respect to immediate environment; and thus, according to the definitions given, the psynet evolves by natural selection. According to this argument, the "individuals" which are surviving differentially based on fitness are, at the lowest level, individual magicians, individual mental processes. By the same logic, clusters of magicians may also be understood to evolve by natural selection.
Perhaps the most eloquent exposition of the idea is to be found in Gregory Bateson's Mind and Nature (1980). But, however fervently intuited, the mind/evolution connection has generally remained vague and metaphorical rather than mathematically or conceptually precise. In EM (and, to a lesser extent, CL) I have taken up this problem and sought to provide an abstract framework from which the parallels between mind and evolution can be clearly assessed. The largest obstacle that must be overcome in order to apply evolution theory to the mind is the problem of the definition of fitness.
Typically, physics has focused on dynamics, and has understood structures in a dynamical light; while chemistry and biology have understood structures as basic entities in their own right. Psychology, more than any other science, has exalted structure over dynamics, and has, except in the context of developmental psychology, almost entirely ignored processes of change. On a more fundamental level, structure and dynamics are two different ways of looking at the world, two philosophical perspectives.