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By Synnöve Vuori, Pentti Vuorinen

Technical swap is produced via the interplay of a big variety of technical, financial, social and institutional components. one of many beginning issues is the idea that of nationwide innovation platforms. the purpose of this publication is to take Finland for instance illustrating the demanding situations confronted through small international locations. The features and function of the Finnish nationwide innovation approach of the final couple of many years are analyzed. The Finnish event is installed a broader context via evaluating it with a couple of different nations. the improvement paths attainable within the close to destiny are assessed. in line with the implications, many difficulties stay regardless of beneficial advancements in numerous expertise symptoms. The rigidities of the social associations created throughout the Seventies and Nineteen Eighties appear to have turn into hindrances for fiscal and technological improvement. There are particularly huge transformations among the nations studied, or even among the culturally and traditionally shut Nordic nations. However,Finland and Sweden appear to proportion an identical form of encompassing collective risk-sharing platforms, which could have harmful results on, for example, incentives with regards to innovativeness. expanding globalisation calls for additional improvement of the nationwide approach of innovation. expertise coverage needs to be noticeable as one a part of extra encompassing social and monetary regulations, and the position of things equivalent to well-functioning associations, acceptable schooling and sound incentive structures is extremely vital. The papers of this booklet are written by means of specialists of varied examine disciplines. They mirror the respective perspectives at the factor how technical swap in Finland should be defined. it's also mentioned how Finland fares compared to Denmark, Sweden, Japan and the United States.

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Explaining Technical Change in a Small Country: The Finnish National Innovation System

Technical swap is produced by means of the interplay of a giant variety of technical, financial, social and institutional elements. one of many beginning issues is the concept that of nationwide innovation platforms. the purpose of this publication is to take Finland to illustrate illustrating the demanding situations confronted by means of small nations.

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In a parliamentary democracy with a multiparty-system a trend towards disinterest in politics is a highly problematic feature. It testifies to an increase in political alienation, which appears even more problematic considering that the youngest age groups eligible for voting abstain from voting more than others (Martikainen and Yrj5nen 1991, 113).

However, the policy was mainly diffusion policy, supporting investing in new machinery and equipment. The main target was to raise price competitiveness and cutdown production costs by introducing up-to-date production methods. Development of new products and research in private companies did receive much less public support. Outlines of the Finnish Innovation System 21 On the other hand, the creation of the network of research institutes had begun quite early. The Helsinki Polytechnical School was established in 1872 and converted into the Helsinki University of Technology in 1908.

TEKES julkaisu 24/1990 (in Finnish). Lemola, T. and P. Vuorinen (1988), "Finllindsk teknikpolitik fOrnyas", in: Glimell, H. ), IndustrifOrnyelse i Norden. 80-talets programsatsningar pa mikroelektronik. Arhus: Forlaget Samfundsoekonomi og planlaegning. , K. Rlislinen and R. " To be published in Whitney, R. ), European Business Systems in a comparative perspective. London: Sage. Lindell, M. (1989), Strategiutveckling i produktinnovativa fOretag. Helsinki: Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration.

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