By Wayne Cowart
This booklet offers a concise but thorough creation to tools that linguists can use to check styles of sentence acceptability in speech. Experimental Syntax exhibits the way to layout, execute and study a suitable survey test for a well-formed query a few subject of truth relative to condemn acceptability. The ebook additionally examines variability and demonstrates a mode through which an investigator could make principled judgements to whether or extra informants who use abnormal dialects are utilizing a similar unusual dialect.
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Extra info for Experimental Syntax: Applying Objective Methods to Sentence Judgments
The difference between the informant's average rating for the With "that"/ Subject Extraction cases and the average of the other three categories was taken as the measure of the "thaf'-trace effect for each informant. 2. From this point on in the text, when needed, statistical results will be reported in endnotes. Readers unfamiliar with the tests reported should consult Appendix A. 001. 001, for Extraction Site. 25) of a Type Π error. We'll return to sample size issues in Chapter 9. 3. 01. 4. Readers unfamiliar with the theory of measurement and reliability may find it paradoxical that a measurement procedure, such as giving acceptability judgments for sentences, can give reliable evidence about the relative acceptability of sentences or sentence types for a population while providing very unstable information about the individual informants in the sample on which those general findings are based.
A sentence given the lowest possible rating ("4") b y all informants in both sessions would be indicated at the intersection of the " 4 " lines in the graph for the L o w Acceptability cases. If the results from Session 1 perfectly predicted results from Session 2, then all the data points would lie on the diagonal of one of the graphs. "M" refers to the n u m b e r of sentences covered b y each plot. See Appendix A for i n t e φ r e t a t i o n of the values. undergraduates at Wayne State College (NE), the University of Ala bama at Birmingham, and the Uruversity of Southern Maine.
The general problem of designing experiments on judgments that properly accotmt for the existence of error variance and the other constraints peculiar to studies of sentence materials is considered in the next chapter. Notes 1. The difference between the informant's average rating for the With "that"/ Subject Extraction cases and the average of the other three categories was taken as the measure of the "thaf'-trace effect for each informant. 2. From this point on in the text, when needed, statistical results will be reported in endnotes.