By Klaus Robering
The verb has usually been thought of the 'center' of the sentence and has for that reason constantly attracted the unique consciousness of the linguist. the current quantity collects novel ways to 2 classical themes inside verbal semantics, specifically argument constitution and the therapy of time and element. The linguistic fabric lined comes from a large spectrum of languages together with English, German, Danish, Ukrainian, and Australian aboriginal languages; and techniques from either cognitive and formal semantics are utilized within the analyses provided the following. a number of the authors use quite a few occasion semantics for you to learn argument constitution and point while others hire rules coming from object-oriented programming to be able to in achieving new insights into the way in which how verbs decide upon their arguments and the way occasions are categorized into differing kinds. either sorts of tools also are used to offer debts of dynamical elements of semantic interpretation akin to coercion and kind transferring.
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Extra info for Events, Arguments, and Aspects: Topics in the Semantics of Verbs
48. As the programming examples illustrate coercion can be used in order to achieve suitable interpretations for expressions which are odd with respect to argument structure. Such a use of coercion is studied by Boas (2011) within the framework of Construction Grammar. For the semantics of for-phrases and the impact of such phrases on the aspectual properties of the verb phrase cf. Landman & Rothstein (2010). 25 26 Klaus Robering propositions, respectively. 50 However, if we could assume a representation ⋆ : π → o, then we could represent the proposition p expressed by John is shy by an object ⋆(p) which could function as an ordinary argument to the function Likes of type π(oo) and could dismiss a further function Like2 of type π(oπ).
45. Note that there is a blank between the full stop and the second occurrence of the double quotation mark. A blank is a character like the letter o or the plus sign. It is not visible, though; in computer science it is called a “white space character”. Now the significance of the blank mentioned in the previous footnote becomes apparent: it separates the abbreviation from the numeral. ∀e′ : CONST(e′, e)[play(e) ∧ TH(the_sonata, e)]. The original predicate applies to episodes which are special events in the classification of eventities worked out by Dölling in his contribution, the latter predicate however is a predicate of processes.
77. The thus explained distinction between “aspect” and “aktionsart” complies with the first of the two uses of this pair of terms distinguished by Comrie (1986: 7). We note at this place that Oehl in his contribution (cf. footnote 1 on p. 330) remarks that an even more fine-grained distinction is actually needed which distinguishes on the level of grammar between clausal and Introduction: Events, arguments, and aspects the use of them aktionsart for the lexical aspect is at odds with the traditional use of this term for the description of Slavic languages.