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By W.Scott Thompson Kusuma Snitwongse

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This quantity examines diversified ethnic configurations and clash avoidance and determination in 5 varied Southeast Asian countries.
* Tin Maung Maung Than strains the heritage and impossibility of the present Myanmar regimes quest to combine many of the ethnic teams within the border areas whereas insisting on a unitary kingdom with all genuine energy saved to themselves.
* Rizal Sukma divides conflicts in Indonesia into horizontal (Kalimantan, Maluku and Sulawesi) and vertical ones (the Madurese as opposed to the Dayaks) and assesses the clients for peaceable solution if the countrys fledgling democracy doesn't accurately deal with them.
* Miriam Coronel Ferrer examines the conflicts in Mindanao opposed to the plain loss of willingness of Manila to come back to phrases with the foundation factors in addition to the infusion of palms and beliefs from outside.
* Zakaria Haji Ahmad and Suzaina Kadir examine Malaysias particularly winning dealing with of an ethnically divided society, which has authorized outstanding balance when you consider that 1969.
* Chayan Vaddhanaphuti makes a speciality of the non-Thai border peoples of northern Thailand, noting the legacy of the governments coverage of selective citizenship.

Ethnic Conflicts in Southeast Asia could be a useful source for students of latest Southeast Asia in addition to in different areas, policy-makers and others, who desire to investigate and advance techniques to avoid, modulate and get to the bottom of such conflicts.

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Under such circumstances, the promise of economic development as an important condition for mitigating sources of conflicts will never be fulfilled. Fourth, the regional autonomy laws are still vague with regard to the real power of central government over the regions on a number of issues. For example, as stipulated in Law No. 22/1999, the local legislature should be allowed to consult the central government over potential candidates for governors. Moreover, the central government still retains the right to remove regional leaders from office if the central government believes that they are involved in what was vaguely termed “conspiratorial activities or other activities that can bring disintegration to the unitary state of the Republic Indonesia”.

This tendency, which clearly exacerbates ethnic tensions, has become a source of concern for the central government. 30 Rizal Sukma Third, there is a problem of good governance due to the lack of regional capacity and competence in carrying out development programs. This problem has raised some concerns over the ability of regional governments — both at provincial and district levels — to deliver the promise of better economic performance. There have been strong indications that local governments are more interested in increasing regional revenues rather than in deciding how the revenue should be spent to improve the lives of their people.

Second, federalism was primarily framed within the need to prevent national disintegration, in the sense that it was meant to maintain the territorial integrity of the state. The problems facing Indonesia were far more complicated than just coping with the separatist challenge to territorial integrity. Indonesia was also faced with the prospect of social disintegration due to the growing horizontal conflicts within the society. In other words, federalism only serves as a partial answer to the problems facing Indonesia.

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