By Albert Thumann
This useful software reference offers a source for these looking to make the most of the cutting edge tools now to be had to finance power initiatives. the total scope of present venture financing practices are totally tested and assessed, together with insurance of power carrier functionality contracting, cost of go back research, size and verification of power reductions, and extra. Readers will obtain the proof they should determine a project's payback prematurely, count on and keep away from power hazards and/or hidden charges, and guarantee that your power undertaking is an total monetary luck. different subject matters lined comprise financing foreign initiatives and ESCO’s (Energy provider Company’s) financing.
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This functional program reference offers a source for these looking to make the most of the leading edge equipment now on hand to finance strength tasks. the whole scope of present undertaking financing practices are absolutely tested and assessed, together with insurance of strength provider functionality contracting, cost of go back research, dimension and verification of power discount rates, and extra.
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Additional info for Energy Project Financing: Resources and Strategies for Success
Reliability Manage or Outsource Long-term Equip. Cash Flow Schedule O M Perf. Conf. Host-managed Arrangements Time Frame long short Govt. or Private Govt. Bond Private Off Balance Sheet On or Off Balance Sheet On Balance Sheet NVP True Lease QUANTITATIVE FACTORS Int. Rate Taxes Cash Flow Timing Loan, Cap. Lease Figure 2-14. Strategic Issues Financing Decision Tree. 44 Energy Project Financing: Resources and Strategies for Success FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Facility Type: Military Installation Location: California Project: Performance Contract including over $40 million in energy efﬁciency equipment, which saves $7,000,000/year Financial Arrangement: Capital Lease with a 20-year term STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Facility Type: Local Government-Airport Location: Tulsa, OK Project: Performance Contract including over $4 million in energy efﬁciency equipment, which saves $380,000/year Financial Arrangement: Municipal Bond with a 20-year term Facility Type: Local Government-Convention Center Location: Kansas City, MO Project: Performance Contract including over $8 million in energy efﬁciency equipment, which saves over $1 million/year Financial Arrangement: Municipal Lease with a 10-year term Education Facility Type: University Location: New Orleans, LA Project: $8 million in energy-related upgrades Financial Arrangement: Operating Lease (Synthetic) with a 20-year term HEALTH CARE Facility Type: Hospital Location: Memphis, TN Project: $15 million in energy-related upgrades Financial Arrangement: Operating Lease (Synthetic) with a 20-year term Financing Energy Management Projects 45 portant to use the ﬁnancial arrangement that best meets the needs of the organization.
ESCO Payments Total Principal Outstanding Taxable Income Tax ATCF —————————————————————————————————————————————— 0 1 2 3 4 5 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 800,000 800,000 800,000 800,000 800,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 Net Present Value at 18%: 68,000 68,000 68,000 68,000 68,000 132,000 132,000 132,000 132,000 132,000 $412,787 Financing Energy Management Projects Table 2-11. Economic Analysis of a Performance Contract. —————————————————————————————————————————————— —————————————————————————————————————————————— Notes: ESCO purchases/operates equipment.
Preferred Stock A hybrid type of stock that pays dividends at a speciﬁed rate (like a bond), and has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and liquidation of assets. However, if the ﬁrm is ﬁnancially strained, it can avoid paying the preferred dividend as it would the common stock dividends. Preferred stock doesn’t ordinarily carry voting rights. Project Financing A type of arrangement typically meaning that a Single Purpose 48 Energy Project Financing: Resources and Strategies for Success Entity (SPE) is constructed.