By Lawrence M. Salinger
Because the first version of the Encyclopedia of White Collar and company Crime used to be produced in 2004, the quantity and severity of those crimes have risen to the extent of calamity, quite a bit in order that many specialists characteristic the near-Depression of 2008 to white-collar malfeasance, particularly crimes of greed and extra via bankers and financial associations. no matter if the perpetrators have been prosecuted or no longer, white-collar and company crime got here as regards to collapsing the U.S. economic system. within the 7 years because the first version used to be produced we've got additionally visible the biggest Ponzi scheme in historical past (Maddoff), an ecological catastrophe attributable to British Petroleum and its subcontractors (Gulf Oil Spill), and U.S. safety division contractors working like vigilantes in Iraq (Blackwater).
White-collar criminals were busy, and the Second Edition of this encyclopedia captures what has been happening within the information and behind the curtain with new articles and updates to previous articles.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime
1922–1923: The Teapot Dome Scandal takes place during the presidency of Warren G. Harding. The scandal involves leasing federal oil fields to private companies without requiring them to go through a competitive bidding process. 1927: The definition of human trafficking, as defined by the Suppression of White Slave Traffic Act, is broadened to include all races as well as both women and children. 1929: Narcotics hospitals are created within federal prisons in Lexington, Kentucky, and Fort Worth, Texas, as part of the Porter Narcotic Farm Act of 1929.
AT&T agrees to a consent decree that allows the company to retain control of the two subsidiaries but forbids it from expanding into other areas of communication. 1950: The Celler-Kefauver Act is passed, strengthening previous antitrust legislation by amending sections and adding provisions to the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914. 1951: The Boggs Act establishes mandatory minimum sentences for drug offenders. 1956: Congress passes the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. The act creates the Federal Water Pollution Control Administration, which approves and regulates new water quality standards.
1990–2000: The Financial Action Task Force, an intergovernmental policymaking body headquartered in Paris, France, calculates that approximately $500 billion is used in money laundering around the world each year. xl Chronology 1990–2002: General Electric is involved in 63 court cases brought against it by the federal government. The sum of the settlements reaches $982 million. 1995: Computer hacker Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. He ultimately confesses to multiple cases of computer and wire fraud and serves five years in prison.