Download Encyclopedia of Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National by James B. Minahan PDF

By James B. Minahan

This ebook addresses the varied nationwide routine of ethnic teams worldwide looking independence, extra self-rule, or autonomy―movements that experience proliferated exponentially within the twenty first century.

• presents readers with an realizing of an international phenomenon that keeps even today

• provides particular, hard-to-find details at the many ethnic and nationwide teams looking larger self-government in an easy-to-access structure with updated evidence and histories

• presents additional analyzing feedback, an index, and an appendix of dates of independence declarations by way of nation

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups around the World, 2nd Edition

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Indonesia gained independence in 1949 as a federal state, but centralization was soon implemented. In 1950 nationalists, encouraged by the Dutch, declared the Republic of the South Moluccas, which was defeated in a nine-month war. The Dutch evacuated some 12,000 refugees to the Netherlands, where a government in exile was established in 1966. Refugees in the Netherlands, calling themselves South Moluccans, resisted assimilation, including turning to terrorism to press their case in the 1970s. In 1999 serious fighting broke out between Christians and militant Muslims, with support for separate independence increasing with each incident.

The Iranian Revolution in 1979 brought renewed suppression. War between Iran and Iraq devastated the region between 1980 and 1989. Nationalism, mostly underground or among exiles, has widespread support. One of the weaknesses of the national movement is its fragmentation into many rival organizations. Further Reading Ahwaz News Agency. ” June 26, 2014. info. Elling, Ramsus Christian. Minorities in Iran: Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Gheissari, Ali.

The language is a dialect of Comorian called Shindzuani, part of the Swahili Bantu language group. Muslim culture is well established, with most adhering to the Shafi’i rite of Sunni Islam. In 1947 the Comoros became a French overseas territory, and internal autonomy was granted in 1961. It joined with the other islands to form the independent Comoros in 1975. Instability, coups, and the plundering of natural resources generated nationalist sentiment, with Anjouan declared an independent state in 1997.

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