Download Encyclopedia of New Religious Movements by Peter B. Clarke PDF

By Peter B. Clarke

The clicking of past due hasn't been strong for brand new spiritual activities (NRMs), cementing a adverse view that equates them with cults, sects, or counterculture teams. whereas violence, brainwashing, and different tools of regulate are all a part of a few new non secular pursuits, they aren't the full tale. This new reference paintings makes an attempt to teach that NRMs are an international phenomenon attracting hundreds of thousands and will provide non secular innovation to present traditions, or inventive choices, even if by means of integrating the non secular and the mental or articulating a brand new version of real selfhood.

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The theology characteristic of these churches is, first, that of the Health and Wealth gospel, which teaches that a Christian has a right to success and plenty, which follow upon faith, or upon faith and on giving to God which through the inevitable functioning of the ‘law of sowing and reaping’ will bring wealth and victory. This ‘law’ has proved very effective in Africa, for all the concrete manifestations of this explosion—new churches, programmes, travel, music, vehicles, indeed an entire class of new religious professionals—have had to be paid for, and ‘sowing’ on the part of members has provided the means to pay for this explosion of Christianity at a time when investment in the continent has been pitifully small.

There are variations across the continent (the phenomenon, for example, is more developed in Anglophone than Franco-phone countries), but all are distinguished for exuberant worship, media involvement, incessant evangelizing, particular theological ideas, and a general internationalizing ethos that differentiates them markedly from the African Independent Churches that have existed for over a century. Joshua in 1994, also in Lagos. The theology characteristic of these churches is, first, that of the Health and Wealth gospel, which teaches that a Christian has a right to success and plenty, which follow upon faith, or upon faith and on giving to God which through the inevitable functioning of the ‘law of sowing and reaping’ will bring wealth and victory.

Scientology, for example, has a distinctive worldview and teaches distinctive practices aimed at individual development but it also teaches an unremarkable form of reincarnation in which past lives impact on experience in this life. NRMs vary considerably in their after-life beliefs but it is only where they have developed detailed teachings in this area that these beliefs form a distinctive part of their individual identities. Further reading Cohn-Sherbok, Dan and Lewis, Christopher (1995) Beyond Death, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

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