Download Encyclopedia of Gangs by Louis Kontos, David C. Brotherton PDF

By Louis Kontos, David C. Brotherton

In 1927 the 1st booklet on gang existence, Frederic Thrasher’s the group: A examine of 1,313 Gangs in Chicago, was once released. in basic terms within the final twenty years, as gangs have unfold from the interior towns to the suburbs and past, has the examine of gangs turn into greater than only a specialization in sociology and criminology. For this new encyclopedia, editors and nearly 60 different participants have written eighty two signed entries exploring gangs and public rules and courses designed to deal in a good demeanour with the matter of gangs. The alphabetical entries variety from one-half web page (Non-racist skinheads) to twelve pages (Mexican gangs). phrases in daring kind point out a separate access within the encyclopedia. a listing of references and recommended readings on the finish of every access leads the reader to extra in-depth works. The preface and creation set the level for the exact evaluate of gangs that follows. An index completes the quantity. The creation highlights 4 parts which are lined within the encyclopedia: gang concept, gang practices, gang varieties, and gang enlargement. Examples of entries on gang thought are Differential organization conception and Subcultural theories of gangs. Gang practices comprise such themes as Gang garments, Gang graffiti, and Gang symbols. Gang varieties contain Gangs in U.S. colleges and Gangs in prisons; ethnic gangs (e.g., The Black Hand and Jewish gangs and gangsters); and gender gangs (e.g., The Latin Queens). Gang enlargement is roofed in such entries as Australian early life gangs and Transnational gangs. an inventory of entries and a advisor to comparable themes precede the alphabetical entries. this primary encyclopedia with regards to gangs certainly supplies what the editors meant: an orientation to the topic, a stimulation of interest, and assistance for additional research of the topic through the reader. urged for educational and big public libraries. — Kaye Talley

Show description

Read Online or Download Encyclopedia of Gangs PDF

Best encyclopedias books

The Concise Dictionary of Business Management

With elevated insurance in parts like human family administration, company economics, company approach, monetary administration, details expertise, and administration accounting and advertising and marketing, this moment variation of The Concise Dictionary of industrial administration has been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to mirror the altering international of labor and new know-how.

The Mammoth Encyclopedia of Science Fiction

This encyclopedia is the main updated, concise, transparent and reasonable consultant to all features of technological know-how fiction, from its historical past to general topics and units, from authors (established and new) to motion pictures. technology fiction has developed into the most well known, state-of-the-art and interesting fiction geners, with a proliferation of contemporary and vintage authors, subject matters and concepts, video clips, television sequence and awards.

The new encyclopedia of Southern culture. Volume 11, Agriculture and industry

Quantity eleven of the recent Encyclopedia of Southern tradition examines the industrial tradition of the South by way of pairing different types that account for the methods many southerners have made their residing. within the antebellum interval, the wealth of southern whites got here mostly from agriculture that depended on the compelled hard work of enslaved blacks.

The Political Ethics of Public Service

This e-book presents a safety of democratic politics in American public carrier and gives the political ethics of public carrier as a pragmatic and positive replacement to the cynical American view towards politics and public provider. The author’s substitute is helping profession public servants regain public belief through workout constitutionally established ethical and political management that balances the regime values of liberty and equality in governing American society whereas contributing to the moral development of the state.

Additional resources for Encyclopedia of Gangs

Sample text

Mack, a member of a Blood set in Los Angeles was sent to prison in Rikers Island where he established the United Blood Nation. Like their counterparts in Los Angeles, the Bloods in New York emerged as a form of protection against Latino gangs such as the Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation and the Asociación Ñeta. Cultural dissemination has also helped the establishment of Blood gangs in suburban areas and in countries such as New Zealand and England. With the help of mainstream media and new technologies, youth around the world have been introduced to Bloods culture through videos such as Colors and Menace II Society.

In the 1960s, such gangs developed a reputation as a source of resistance to Anglo American authority and oppression. “Many community leaders saw the Chicano movement as an extension of their life-long struggle for the advancement of Mexicans and sympathized with the pintos (prison gang members) as a segment of the community needing reintegration into barrio life—not rejection or further stigmatization” (Moore, 1985, p. 8). Community acceptance of Chicano gangs began to disappear the 1980s, as their reputation changed yet again.

Their clothes of choice include Calvin Klein, highlighting the CK to represent Crip Killer. Bloods “flare up” or “flame up” by wearing all red clothing. Whenever they wear blue they wear it in their pants to “diss” Crips. Bloods avoid speaking the word “cousin” because it represents Crips, and instead use “relative” to refer to blood cousins. They also avoid using the letter C and when necessary they reverse it, cross it out, replace it with a B, or add a K to show disrespect to the Crips. The Bloods also have a particular way of walking and dancing called Blood-walk.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.28 of 5 – based on 22 votes