Download Encyclopedia of English Language by David Crystal PDF

By David Crystal

Hardly ever has a ebook so filled with actual and good researched real details been so generally learn and popularly acclaimed. This moment variation of The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language has been absolutely revised for a brand new new release of language-lovers. The e-book is longer and comprises huge new fabric on international English and web English, as well as thoroughly up to date data, extra studying feedback and different references. First variation Hb (1995): 0-521-40179-8 First variation Pb (1997): 0-521-59655-6 David Crystal is a number one authority on language, and writer of many books, together with such a lot lately Shakespeare's phrases (Penguin, 2002), Language and the web (Cambridge, 2001) and Language loss of life (Cambridge, 2000). An across the world well known author, magazine editor, lecturer and broadcaster, he bought an Order of the British Empire in 1995 for his providers to the English language.

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Abbildung 11: Schriftbeispiel Gotische Textura 48 PAL ØOGR AF IE UND KODIKOL OGI E • Im Spa¨tmittelalter kamen zunehmend – schwerer lesbare – kursive Schriften in Gebrauch. Eine verbreitete Kursive war die Bastarda, deren Buchstaben in der Regel flu¨chtiger ausgefu¨hrt wurden und ineinandergreifen. Bastarda Abbildung 12: Schriftbeispiel Bastarda Schwierigkeiten bei der Lektu¨re mittelhochdeutscher Texte ergeben sich durch Abbreviaturen (Abku¨rzungen) und sonstige Besonderheiten. Ha¨ufig ist etwa der Nasalstrich, der waagerecht u¨ber einem Vokal platziert das folgende m oder n vertritt.

Jahrhunderts) 39 ME DIA LI TØ T UND MATE RI AL ITØ T Die weltberu¨hmte Miniatur gibt einen Einblick in die Anfertigung von Handschriften in einem klo¨sterlichen Skriptorium. Zu sehen sind ein Schreiber und ein Maler, jeweils u¨ber ein Schreibpult gebeugt. , einer Textsammlung aus den Evangelien fu¨r die Lesung im Gottesdienst, das in der ersten Ha¨lfte des 11. Jahrhunderts im Luxemburger Kloster Echternach angefertigt worden ist. “ Unsere Kenntnis der mittelalterlichen Literatur resultiert aus der Ûberlieferung entsprechender Schriftwerke.

Der Reiz der mittelalterlichen Literatur liegt neben allen inhaltlichen Auspra¨gungen durchaus auch in ihrer materiellen und praktischen Entstehungsweise. 1 Palåografie und Kodikologie Zu den Kernaufgaben der Germanistischen Media¨vistik geho¨rt die wissenschaftliche Erschließung und Beschreibung der historischen Schriftzeugnisse als materielle Ûberlieferungstra¨ger. Als Spezialdisziplin ist hierfu¨r zuna¨chst die Pala¨ografie (aus griechisch palaio´s „alt“ und grafein „schreiben“) zusta¨ndig, also die Wissenschaft von den alten Schriften.

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