By J. Mitchell Miller, Richard A. Wright
This three-volume paintings deals a accomplished overview of the pivotal strategies, measures, theories, and practices that include criminology and legal justice.
No longer only a subtopic of sociology, criminology has turn into an self reliant educational box of analysis that comes with scholarship from a number of disciplines together with psychology, political technology, behavioral technology, legislations, economics, public health and wellbeing, kin reports, social paintings, and so forth. The three-volume Encyclopedia of Criminology provides the most recent study in addition to the normal issues which mirror the field's multidisciplinary nature in one, authoritative reference paintings.
More than 525 alphabetically prepared entries by way of the major specialists within the self-discipline contain this definitive, overseas source. The pivotal suggestions, measures, theories, and practices of the sector are addressed with an emphasis on comparative criminology and legal justice. whereas the first concentration of the paintings is on American criminology and modern felony justice within the usa, huge worldwide insurance of different international locations' justice platforms is incorporated, and the expanding overseas nature of crime is explored thoroughly.
Providing the main up to date scholarship as well as the normal theories on criminology, the Encyclopedia of Criminology is the fundamental one-stop reference for college students and students alike to discover the wide expanse of this multidisciplinary box
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Criminology
Or can the states intrude into the affairs and personal decisions of their citizens? There are significant constitutional issues at stake in the judicial bias against women. One is the issue of privacy; the other is that of the Fourteenth Amendment right to due process and equal treatment. Does a woman have the right to autonomy over her body, or does the issue go further? What compelling reason is there for the Supreme Court to continue to listen to arguments regarding a woman’s right to privacy?
Victimization is considered in comparative context across these essays and leading issues in victimization research and advocacy are identified and critiqued. Measures of Crime (15) These entries provide an overview of how crime is calculated and rated. The major concepts and data-gathering techniques associated with each measure are reviewed and leading utilizations are noted. The development (timing and reasons) of measures, their import for criminological theory testing and revision, and controversies concerning their strengths and weaknesses are discussed.
Adler conceived the notion that female criminality is a product of the changing social roles of women in society. Adler reports in her book Sister in Crime that females were not only committing more crimes but also engaging in traditionally male offenses. She notes staggering increases in female arrests for more traditional male offenses including burglary (up 168%), robbery (up 277%), embezzlement (up 280%), and larceny (up over 300%). She ties these apparent remarkable shifts in female criminality to the changing gender roles in American society.