Download Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and by Elias G. Carayannis PDF

By Elias G. Carayannis

​The Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship (CI2E) is a three-volume digital and print reference that uniquely covers the wide spectrum of themes when it comes to the method of creativity and innovation, from a large choice of views (e.g., economics, administration, psychology, anthropology, coverage, expertise, schooling, the humanities) and modes (individual, association, undefined, state, region). The source is created from a few three hundred topical entries, definitions of keywords and ideas, and evaluate essays, from an international array of greater than 250 researchers, enterprise executives, policymakers, and artists, illuminating the various elements of creativity and innovation, and highlighting their relationships to such common suggestions as wisdom administration, fiscal chance, and sustainability. Entries characteristic description of key suggestions and definition of phrases, full-color illustrations, case examples, destiny instructions for study and alertness, synonyms and cross-references, and bibliographic references.

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G. ” (Lacetera 2009, 443) A 8 Conclusion and Future Directions Finally following definition can be given with relation to further developments of the innovation models and the profession of the academic entrepreneur: Through the transformation of the innovation models, there will be a more and more tight and targeted exchange between the academic world and the world of the private enterprises. Subsequently the profession of the academic entrepreneur will become normality in the scientific practice.

25) and on Campbell and Carayannis (2013, p. 29)) Academic Firm Knowledge Application (Innovation) Knowledge Application (Innovation) Commercial Firm Networks: Cooperation, Competition, Co-Opetition. University-related Institutions Higher Education System, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) Knowledge Production (Research) Academic firms express a particular interest to network with universities, other higher education institutions, university-related institutions, and all forms and manifestations of organizations that conduct an academically based type of research or basic research.

This evolution starts in the USA with the signing of the Bayh Dole act in 1980. In particular, it gives researchers the possibility to patent their invention and to receive royalties from the selling of patents or licenses. The Bayh Dole act provides a mechanism by which the intellectual property generated under federal research grants can become the property of the university instead of the funding agency sponsoring the research. This legislation allows universities to transfer intellectual property to the society and encourages research laboratories to engage in technology transfer and commercialization activities.

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