Download Empty Categories in Sentence Processing by Esam N. Khalil PDF

By Esam N. Khalil

A part of the "Linguistics this day" sequence which gives a platform for unique monograph stories into synchronic linguistics, this paintings examines the topic of empty different types in sentence processing. It covers such themes because the positions of ECs within the concept and the constitution of German clauses.

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9; Borsley 1996 and references there). Rather than coding all arguments by a single feature, the SUBCAT list, and defining a subject as the least oblique complement, the newer approach splits them into SUBJ and COMPS features. The advantage of this is that it avoids direct objects becoming least oblique complements and thus behaving like subjects, if the subject position is empty. Thus, under the older system, the verb send in She sent a cake to Katie would have three items on its SUBCAT list: subject, object and indirect object, whereas the Spanish equivalent, with a null subject, would have two overt items on the list: object, indirect object (15b), but the subject would have to appear as an EC to prevent the direct object behaving like a subject.

The advantage of this is that it avoids direct objects becoming least oblique complements and thus behaving like subjects, if the subject position is empty. Thus, under the older system, the verb send in She sent a cake to Katie would have three items on its SUBCAT list: subject, object and indirect object, whereas the Spanish equivalent, with a null subject, would have two overt items on the list: object, indirect object (15b), but the subject would have to appear as an EC to prevent the direct object behaving like a subject.

For similar reasons and in order to standardise terminology across frameworks, we use NP, not DP, as an abbreviation for nominal projections. We discuss AgrOP under the section on object raising below. Travis (1984, 1991) argues that all Germanic languages should be analysed as having the same clause structure with a head-initial IP (21). CP (21) Spec C′ C IP Spec I′ I VP Spec V′ XP V When elements other than the subject are focussed, then they raise to SpecCP and the verb moves to C, while the subject remains in SpecIP, as we have assumed above.

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