By J.E. Roeckelein
In trying to comprehend and clarify numerous behaviour, occasions, and phenomena of their box, psychologists have built and enunciated an important variety of 'best guesses' or theories about the phenomenon in query. Such theories contain speculations and statements that variety on a efficiency continuum from 'strong' to 'weak'. The time period thought, itself, has been conceived of in numerous methods within the mental literature. within the current dictionary, the tactic of lumping jointly all of the quite a few conventional descriptive labels concerning psychologists 'best guesses' below the one descriptive time period conception has been followed. The descriptive labels of precept, legislations, thought, version, paradigm, influence, speculation and doctrine are hooked up to a number of the entries, and all such descriptive labels are subsumed lower than the umbrella time period theory.The name of this dictionary emphasizes the time period idea (implying either powerful and vulnerable top guesses) and is a manner of indication, total, the contents of this finished dictionary in a parsimonious and felicitous fashion.The dictionary will comprise nearly 2,000 phrases masking the origination, improvement, and evolution of assorted mental suggestions, in addition to the historic definition, research, and criticisms of mental options. phrases and definitions are in English. *Contains over 2,000 phrases protecting the origination, improvement and evolution of assorted mental concepts*Covers a large span of theories, from auditory, cognitive tactile and visible to humor and imagery*An crucial source for psychologists desiring a single-source speedy reference
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Extra info for Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories
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REFERENCES Jung, C. G. (1913). The theory of psychoanalysis. In The collected works of C. G. Jung. Vol. 4. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Freud, S. (1922). Dreams and telepathy. In The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 18. London: Hogarth Press. ANAL-EXPULSIVE THEORY. The German psychoanalyst Karl Abraham (1877-1925) expanded on the Freudian anal stage of the theory of psychosexual stages of development by suggesting two phases of the anal stage.
Watson and R. Rayner, I. Pavlov, A. Wagner and R. Rescorla, O. H. Mowrer, R. Herrnstein, and A. Bandura. This approach is characterized by empirical conditioning studies (rather than personality and clinical studies), and attempts to understand, explain, and treat anxiety by invoking concepts such as reinforcement, punishment, information processing, expectancy, efficacy expectations, fear reduction, discriminative or signaling value of stimuli, predictive value of stimuli, avoidance behavior, successive approximations of desired behavior, incompatible behaviors, cognitive processes, modeling behavior, observational learning, and biofeedback.