By Andreas Dufter, Guido Seiler
The purpose of the amount is to bridge the 'cultural hole' among sociolinguistics and theoretical linguistics within the learn of version. some of the contributions search to mix corpus-based and competence-based ways. They rfile the plurality of present examine into versions of grammatical competence that stay as much as the problem of variationist facts.
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Additional resources for Describing and Modeling Variation in Grammar
30c) d. **(30d) = 1–2–4–3 = 4–3–2–1 = 1–2–3–4 = 1–4–3–2 fmp (for 4) violated (psc is observed) psc (for 1) violated (fmp is observed) psc (for 1) as well as fmp (for 4) observed psc (for 1) violated, cf. South German (32f) Gradience in the verb cluster 43 (36) Standard German (and dialects of South German) a. (31a) = 1–2–4–3 psc (for 1) as well as pls (for 2, 3 and 4) observed, fmp not observed b. (31b) = 4–3–2–1 pls observed, psc (for 1) violated c. **(31c) = 1–2–3–4 (= German) inverted pls d.
E. “Germanic subject inversion in verb second declaratives”) 34 Werner Abraham Trait 1, auxiliary and modal verb raising, in particular, allows for inverted orders of the ﬁnite and the inﬁnite verbal components in OV. Compare Standard German dass er den Teppich will wegwerfen, lit. ‘that he the carpet wants to throw away’. From the two different developmental states in Cimbrian and Pladen German, one would like to conclude that, given identical exposure to Romance contact, the linguistic change from OV to VO follows an interior, contact-independent sequence determined by the clausal structure and explicable in terms of control over different structural domains – in particular, the right (verb/Rhemacontrolled) vs.
16 However, this cannot be the end of the story about variation in the verbal clusters of West Germanic. Which generalizations do these examples permit? If we are to formulate ordering principles, what are the priorities they adhere to? Recall that small capitals mark the position of the non-contrastive neutral or default sentential accent and focus following the Principle of Default Focus Placement or Focus Margin Placement (fmp), which says that the neutral sentential focus lies on the head of the most deeply embedded lexical constituent (Cinque 1993, Abraham 1997).