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By Gerald Marwell

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This was not the case when taking was the mode of transfer. 00. It is important to note, however, that in only one of these pairs did the overpaid subject finish with a net gain from the taking, and five of the pairs showed substantial transfers to the underpaid subject by the end of the experiment. For all five of these pairs, the pattern was one of bilateral taking during the first hour followed by little or no taking by the overpaid subject for the remainder of the inequity period. During this time the overpaid subject clearly permitted his partner to rectify the inequity.

Similarly, if both subjects respond immediately after a timeout, a cooperative response results. If these occur frequently, the behavior of the subjects may not be interpreted with confidence as being "social," that is, at least one of the two individuals is responding to the behavior of the other. Consequently, the Cohen-Lindsley task was modified to assure that cooperative responses were based on social cues. T h e key element in this modification was the introduction of a delay between the responses of the two subjects as a requirement for cooperation.

Availability of taking might therefore be expected to result in conflict as well as transfer. T h e data bear this out. When giving was available» it was used almost exclusively by the overpaid subject. 26. This was not the case when taking was the mode of transfer. 00. It is important to note, however, that in only one of these pairs did the overpaid subject finish with a net gain from the taking, and five of the pairs showed substantial transfers to the underpaid subject by the end of the experiment.

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