By Shi Cheng (auth.)
This booklet is a finished and confident research of the unique trend of China's industrialization and financial improvement, protecting all the suitable, major regulations (more than 100) from 1949 to the twenty-first century.
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Extra resources for China’s Rural Industrialization Policy: Growing Under Orders Since 1949
Methods to derive agricultural surplus • “Price difference between agricultural and industrial products” The state withdraws agriculture surplus through consciously enhancing prices of industry products. • Depositing The state bank raises funds through deposits from the countryside then passes it to industry or the city at a low rate. In the land reform period China derived agricultural surplus mainly by the “price difference between agricultural and industrial products” and by increasing tax. • Taxing To get agriculture surplus direct through increasing agricultural tax.
The general task for the transition period is to realize national socialist industrialization gradually, to complete the socialist transformations of agriculture, handicrafts and capitalist industry and commerce gradually” (“The People’s Republic of China Constitution”, 20 September 1954). In rural areas the socialist transformation is to substitute rural private ownership of producer goods by the collective ownership and establish state control on the rural society. It will achieve two goals: First to bring rural economy into line with the national plan and control the rural economy.
Many of per capita indexes of natural resources were much lower than the world average level. 18 hectares. China’s education level was also very low with an adult illiteracy rate of as high as 80 percent! New China had to begin its economic development on this poor foundation. At the same time, serious commodity scarcity and hyperinﬂation, along with the western blockade and the eruption of the Korean War in 1950, threatened the economy seriously. ” “Anything relating to the lifelines of national economy and people’s life must be run by the state.