Download Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the by David Finkelhor PDF

By David Finkelhor

Young children are the main criminally victimized phase of the inhabitants, and a considerable quantity face a number of, critical "poly-victimizations" in the course of a unmarried 12 months. And although the concern emphasis in educational learn and govt coverage has typically long past to learning juvenile delinquents, little ones truly seem earlier than experts extra often as sufferers than as offenders. yet even as, the media and lots of advocates have didn't word the excellent news: premiums of sexual abuse, baby murder, and plenty of different kinds of victimization declined dramatically after the mid-1990s, and a few extraordinarily feared types of baby victimization, like stereotypical stranger abduction, are remarkably unusual. The huge lack of awareness in regards to the realities of kid victimization might be chalked as much as a box that's fragmented, understudied, and subjected to political demagoguery. during this persuasive e-book, David Finkelhor provides a accomplished new imaginative and prescient to surround the prevention, remedy, and learn of youngster sufferers, unifying traditional subdivisions like baby molestation, baby abuse, bullying, and publicity to neighborhood violence. Developmental victimology, his time period for this built-in standpoint, appears to be like at baby victimization throughout childhood's span and yields interesting insights approximately how one can categorize juvenile victimizations, how you can take into consideration chance and effect, and the way victimization styles swap over the process improvement. The e-book additionally offers a invaluable new version of society's reaction to baby victimization - what Finkelhor calls the Juvenile sufferer Justice process - and a clean mind set approximately limitations that sufferers and their households come upon whilst looking support. those versions may be very precious to somebody looking to increase the best way we attempt to aid baby sufferers. Crimes opposed to youngsters nonetheless occur a long way too frequently, yet by way of featuring a brand new framework for pondering the problem, youth Victimization opens a promising door to lowering its frequency and bettering the reaction. execs, policymakers, and baby advocates will locate this paradigm-shifting ebook to be a necessary addition to their cabinets.

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Extra info for Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the Lives of Young People (Interpersonal Violence)

Sample text

Likewise, the symptoms that accompany a wide variety of victimizations appear to be similar. 23 Failure to recognize these connections among risk factors and symptoms can lead to a variety of problematic responses. One such effect is the failure to respond to the children who are most in need of help and intervention. For example, the child who most needs help may not be the one who is sexually abused, but the one who is sexually abused, bullied, exposed to community violence, and who has witnessed domestic violence in the home.

While children suffer all the crimes that adults do, many of the violent and deviant behaviors engaged in by human actors to harm children have ambiguous status as crimes. The physical abuse of children, although technically criminal, is not frequently prosecuted and is generally handled by social-control agencies other than the police and criminal courts. Peer assaults, unless very serious or occurring among older children, are generally ignored by the criminal justice system. , rape, robbery, assault), which we refer to as crimes; (2) acts that violate child welfare statutes, including 24 CHILDHOOD VICTIMIZATION some of the most serious and dangerous acts committed against children, such as abuse and neglect, but also some less frequently discussed topics such as the exploitation of child labor, which we refer to as child maltreatment; and (3) acts that would clearly be crimes if committed by adults against adults but which by convention are not generally of concern to the criminal justice system when they occur among or against children, such as sibling violence and assaults between pre-adolescent peers; we refer to these as noncriminal juvenile crime equivalents, or ‘‘noncrimes,’’ for short.

An additional definitional complexity for developmental victimology is that, compared to adult victimization, specific victimization categories have DEVELOPMENTAL VICTIMOLOGY 27 been much less clearly drawn. Thus, for example, child sexual assault, child sexual abuse, and child molestation are often thought of as interchangeable, but these terms also refer to different aspects of sexual offenses involving children. Thus, child sexual abuse, when discussed in a child welfare context, often refers to sexual offenses committed against children by their caretakers and so might not include sexual assaults by strangers or peers.

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