By Alexandrov A.V., Grotta J.C.
Univ. of Texas-Houston clinical university, Houston. specializes in the exam of stroke sufferers, the translation of ultrasound experiences, and the appliance of cerebrovascular ultrasound in constructing administration and remedy recommendations. for college kids and practitioners. DNLM: Cardiovascular coincidence — ultrasonography.
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Extra info for Cerebrovascular Ultrasound in Stroke Prevention and Treatment
Correct answer is B. This image shows a branch of the basilar artery that has flow direction towards the transducer. This color flow pattern indicates a cerebellar branch. The posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) usually arises from the terminal VA segment as it is clearly visualized on the image proximal to the vertebral junction. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) arises from the proximal basilar artery stem. In order to decide which part of the basilar artery was imaged, the depth indicating the proximal basilar artery is given.
28 Becker GM, Winkler J. Imaging of cerebral arteriovenous malformations by transcranial colour-coded realtime sonography. Neuroradiology 1990; 32: 280-8. 1). In the first half of the 20th century, Egar Monis introduced invasive cerebral angiography that enables the visualization of these arteries in humans and still remains the gold standard for other imaging modalities. Recent technology advances in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allow non-invasive and threedimensional reconstruction of these vessels.
7 Babikian V, Sloan MA, Tegeler CH, DeWitt LD, Fayad PB, Feldmann E, Gomez CR. Transcranial Doppler validation pilot study. JNeuroimaging 1993; 3: 242-9. 8 Bogdahn U, Becker G, Schlief R, Reddig J, Hassel W. Contrast-enhanced transcranial color-coded real-time sonography. Stroke 1993; 24:676-84. 9 Schoning M, Buchholz R, Walter J. Comparative study of transcranial color duplex sonography and transcranial Doppler sonography in adults. JNeurosurg 1993; 78:776—84. 10 Schoning M, Walter J. Evaluation of the vertebrobasilarposterior system by transcranial color duplex sonography in adults.