Download Booms and Busts: An Encyclopedia of Economic History from by Mehmet Odekon PDF

By Mehmet Odekon

This well timed and authoritative set explores 3 centuries of excellent occasions and tough instances in significant economies during the international. greater than four hundred signed articles disguise occasions from Tulipmania throughout the 1630s to the U.S. federal stimulus package deal of 2009, and introduce readers to underlying recommendations, ordinary topics, significant associations, and amazing figures. Written in a transparent, available kind, "Booms and Busts" offers important perception and point of view for college kids, academics, librarians, and most people - a person attracted to figuring out the ancient precedents, explanations, and results of the worldwide monetary obstacle. exact beneficial properties comprise a chronology of significant booms and busts via historical past, a thesaurus of monetary phrases, a consultant to additional study, an appendix of fundamental files, an issue finder, and a accomplished index. It positive factors 1,050 pages; 3 volumes; 8-1/2" X 11"; subject finder; pictures; chronology; thesaurus; fundamental records; bibliography; and, index.

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Extra info for Booms and Busts: An Encyclopedia of Economic History from the First Stock Market Crash of 1792 to the Current Global Economic Crisis

Sample text

In calculating the BOP, the double-entry system is used. This means that every transaction is recorded with two entries of equal amounts but with different signs: one with a plus sign (indicating a credit, including exports of goods and services, inflows on transfers and incomes from abroad, decreases in reserves and other external assets, and increase in foreign liabilities) and the other with a minus sign (indicating a debit, including imports of goods and services, outflows on transfers and incomes, increase in external assets, and decrease in foreign liabilities).

4 billion loan not only from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), but also from the central banks and governments of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland. The country also increased taxes and cut public sector wages by 25 percent. All of this did little to halt a major slide between 2008 and 2010, as GDP fell from just over $34 billion in the former year to about $24 billion in the latter. 3 percent. 1 percent in 2008), and less favorable borrowing terms. 3 percent. The Bank of Lithuania experienced significant GDP decline in 2009 and 2010, from about $47 billion in 2008 to just over $36 billion in 2010.

A slow recovery began in 2011. As expected, domestic demand fell in 2009 and 2010, as did exports and imports. Clearly, the economic boom time for the Baltic Tigers was derailed by the global economic crisis of the late 2000s, at least temporarily. It is not clear when the decline will end and the new boom will start. Indeed, for these three countries, predictions have been changed frequently. Their recovery depends not only on their own actions— including adoption of the euro (although they do not meet all the requirements yet); making investments in education, infrastructure, and innovation; increasing productivity; creating high-technology clusters; and increasing firms’ interest in cooperating—but also on the recovery of the economies of their main trade and investment partners from the European Union.

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