Download Blood and Guts: A History of Surgery by Richard Hollingham PDF

By Richard Hollingham

This day, striking surgical breakthroughs are making limb transplants, face transplants, and a number of different formerly un dreamed of operations attainable. yet getting right here has now not been an easy tale of scientific growth. In Blood and Guts, veteran technological know-how author Richard Hollingham weaves a compelling narrative from the foremost moments in surgical background. we've a ringside seat within the working theater of collage university clinic in London as world-renowned Victorian health professional Robert Liston plays a amazing amputation in thirty seconds-from first lower to ultimate sew. techniques resembling Joseph Lister's antiseptic process, the 1st open-heart surgical procedure, and Walter Freeman's lobotomy operations, between different breakthroughs, are delivered to lifestyles in those pages in brilliant element. this can be renowned technological know-how writing at it's top.

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Extra resources for Blood and Guts: A History of Surgery

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Species that are known to be pollutant tolerant, such as Limnodrilus hofmeisteri or Tubifex tubifex, were dominant at the Megginnis Arm site. 1 Fish Diseases The Leon County Lakes Study started inadvertently during a routine Florida State University (FSU) class field demonstration of fish collection techniques in Megginnis Arm during March 1988. Electrofishing catches were marked by extremely high percentages of diseased fishes. Some species had lesions on the body walls or tumors in the dorso-anterior regions of the body.

Other effects include changes in the ecological characteristics of the water body affected by the outbreaks of these algae. Blue-green algae such as Anabaena flos-aquae are capable of nitrogen fixation (via heterocyst formation). Nitrogen fixation may be greater at lower DO concentrations (Stewart, 1974). Nitrogen fixation is usually light dependent. Nitrogen is present in relatively high concentrations in lakes, and diffuses more rapidly than either nitrate or ammonium ions (Stewart, 1974). Rates of nitrogen fixation in freshwater systems are positively correlated with concentrations of dissolved organic nitrogen.

S. 27) and shopping malls at the headwaters of the creek. There is a series of hypereutrophicated ponds along the upper drainage; polluted runoff from these ponds eventually ends up in Lake Jackson. In addition to storm water pollution, sewage spills have damaged the Indian Mounds system. 1) consist of malls, roads, and housing developments. Storm water from the mall drains through a series of ponds directly into Lake Hall. Until recently, the outlet for this pond was damaged, and storm water ran almost continuously into the lake from the mall area.

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