By Preedy, Victor (eds.)
Betaine is greatly disbursed in crops and animals and has a job as an osmolyte and as a cofactor in methylation in liver metabolism. it's been proven to guard inner organs, enhance vascular possibility components and improve functionality. The growing to be physique of facts indicates that betaine is a crucial nutrient for the prevention of continual affliction. This quantity surveys the present nation of play in those and different components of curiosity, together with its position in one-carbon metabolism, tissue biochemistry and interactions with folate and different biomolecules. The research of betaines utilizing varied concepts is roofed, as is the functionality and results within the physique.
Written through a professional foreign group, this booklet presents a desirable perception for people with an curiosity within the results of betaine on health and wellbeing and the vitamin. it's going to charm throughout disciplines yet in particular to dietary and meals scientists, future health execs and researchers.
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Additional resources for Betaine : Chemistry, Analysis, Function and Effects
Journal of Plant Physiology. 166: 2058–2070. , Tanaka, Y. , 2011. Expression and substrate specificity of betaine/proline transporters suggest a novel choline transport mechanism in sugar beet. Journal of Plant Physiology. 168: 1609–1616. CHAPTER 3 Betaine in Food Plants: A Focus on Synthesis and Content ROSARIO A. , 2006). This review deals with what is known about the enzymological aspects of the synthesis of GB in plants, discussing the differences between them in their ability to synthesize, and therefore accumulate, this compound, as well as the biotechnological attempts made to engineer this ability in important crops that naturally lack it.
2001. The osmophobic effect: natural selection of a thermodynamic force in protein folding. Journal of Molecular Biology. 310: 955–963. , Supaibulwatana, K. , 2006. Water relation, photosynthetic ability and growth of Thai jasmine rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. Indica cv. KDML 105) to salt stress by application of exogenous glycinebetaine and choline. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 192: 25–36. Chen, T. H. H. , 2011. Glycinebetaine protects plants against abiotic stress: mechanisms and biotechnological applications.
2 Protective Effects and Risks of GB Application Osmolytes accumulation in plant cells results in a decrease of the cell osmotic potential and thus in maintenance of water absorption and cell turgor pressure, which might contribute to sustain physiological processes, such as stomatal opening, photosynthesis, and growth expansion. Furthermore, the occurrence of osmolytes accumulation at sensitive crop-reproductive stages has been reported to play a constructive role against floral abortion, which results in maintaining grain number under water deficit.