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By Margret Schuchard

Bernhard Varenius' books encouraged the heritage of technological know-how in this kind of approach that Isaac Newton, Alexander von Humboldt and Tsar Peter the good all said him. Varenius wrote the 1st entire description of Japan (Descriptio regni Japoniae, 1649) from a ecu standpoint, completely in line with a variety of resources. however the effect of his Geographia generalis (1650) explains his rating one of the founding fathers of geography as a technology. He known as 'general' geography a department of (applied) arithmetic which doesn't care for nearby specifics. The contributions during this booklet concentrate on his multi-faceted paintings, the impression of his books and the tragically brief lifetime of this younger polymath from Germany who benefited from the intellectually stimulating milieu of Leiden and Amsterdam. individuals comprise: Horst Walter Blanke, Reinhard Duchting, Klaus Lehmann, Robert Mayhew, Sandra Rebok, Folker Reichert, Frank Richter, Margret Schuchard, Denis J.B. Shaw, Ulrich Staffhorst, Johann Anselm Steiger, Rienk H. Vermij, and Ernst-Christian Volkmann.

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David heard Luther and Melanchthon lecture, but his mentor suggested 2 See also the long entries for each of these theologians in Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL), ed. Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz, 1990– : Johann Arndt, David Chytraeus, Nathan Chytraeus, Johannes Freder the Elder, Joachim Jungius. No entry for Heinrich Varenius. 3 Funeral sermon by Lucas Bacmeister on the death of Chytraeus. Quoted in Stefan Rhein, „Ein Gruß aus Wittenberg: David Chytraeus und die Hausschule Melanchthons,“ David Chytraeus (1530–160): Norddeutscher Humanismus in Europa, eds.

As in his other works he begins with a systematic part and classiÀes the religions of the contemporary world; he then turns to the different religions in Europe and the other continents, but deliberately does not use the customary division into believers in God and atheists, because that would present problems of where to place the heathens. When he writes about the heathens, he concentrates on the religions of the present, not of the past (as Vossius and Ross had done so extensively). Varenius does not accept as true that people everywhere believe in some divinity (here he differs from Vossius), and by drawing upon the reports of travellers he relies on “experience” for support rather than “reason”, quite in the empirical spirit.

9 varenius and his family 17 The Varenius Brothers In the Àfth generation of the family, I should like to sketch August’s life before that of his younger and (to us) so much more interesting brother. For August’s biography the sermon preached at his funeral is a mine of information which allows us to trace the main stages of his life in details that are sadly absent in the case of Bernhard. August went to school in Uelzen, Hannover and Braunschweig where he learnt Hebrew, and in 1634, at fourteen, he was matriculated at Helmstedt University which he had to leave in 1637 because the war made it impossible for him to stay.

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